Eritrea real clear politics's Weblog

July 30, 2011

UN extends arms embargo mandate in Somalia, Eritrea

Filed under: News — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 2:52 pm

The UN Security Council voted unanimously Friday in favor of extending the mandate of its Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea for another year, which is tasked with monitoring an arms embargo on those countries.

Security Council Resolution 2002 approved the extension of the group’s mandate, condemning “flows of weapons and ammunition supplies to and through Somalia and Eritrea in violation of the Somalia arms embargo and the Eritrea arms embargo”, and calling the violations a “serious threat towards peace and stability in the region”.

The current mandate of the group was set to expire on July 31, 2011.

The resolution further requested the UN secretary-general to take necessary administrative measures to re-establish the group consisting of eight experts to fulfill its mandate.

The arms embargo was first placed on Somalia by the council in 1992, after the country’s government collapsed and civil war broke out. An arms embargo was placed on Eritrea in 2009 after it was found to have been helping to arm Somali rebel groups and refused to withdraw its troops from its contested border with Djibouti.

The Monitoring Group is charged with overseeing the sanctions and investigating any violations.

Resolution 2002 reaffirmed “the importance of enhancing the monitoring of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes through persistent and vigilant investigation into the violations, bearing in mind that strict enforcement of the arms embargoes will improve the overall security situation in the region”.

Source: Xinhua


Mandate Of Monitoring Group For Somalia And Eritrea

Filed under: News — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 6:53 am

Saturday, 30 July 2011, 3:17 pm
Press Release: United Nations

Security Council Extends Mandate Of Monitoring Group For Somalia And Eritrea

New York, Jul 29 2011 8:10PM
The Security Council today extended the mandate of the United Nations panel of experts monitoring compliance with sanctions related to the conflict in Somalia for another year as it also agreed to expand the group’s mandate to better enforce the sanctions.

In a resolution adopted unanimously, the Council asked Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to re-establish the eight-member Monitoring Group on Eritrea and Somalia for a period of 12 months starting today.

The panel, which monitors compliance with the embargoes on the delivery of weapons and military equipment to Somalia and Eritrea, is now also tasked with investigating any seaport operations in Somalia that could generate revenue for the Islamist militant group known as Al-Shabaab that controls some Somali territory.

More broadly, the Monitoring Group must investigate all activities – including in the financial and maritime sectors – which generate revenue that is then used to break the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes.

It is also required to examine “any means of transport, routes, seaports, airports and other facilities used in connection with violations” of the embargoes.

The resolution calls on the Monitoring Group to compile a draft list of individuals and entities that engage in activities inside and outside Eritrea relating to the embargoes that could warrant further measures by the Security Council.

It is also tasked with devising ways to boost overall compliance with the embargoes and to identify areas where the capacities of countries in the region can be strengthened so as to fully implement the embargoes.

The resolution was adopted a day after the Monitoring Group issued a report which found that the Eritrean Government planned a massive attack on an African Union summit being held in Addis Ababa, the capital of neighbouring Ethiopia.

The report, which is over 400 pages, also points to Eritrea’s continuing relationship with Al-Shabaab, the Islamist militant group that controls some parts of Somalia’s territory and has been waging a fierce battle against the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) there.

While the Eritrean Government acknowledges that it maintains relationships with Somali armed opposition groups, including Al-Shabaab, it denies that it provides any military, material or financial support and says its links are limited to a political, and even humanitarian, nature.

However, evidence and testimony obtained by the Monitoring Group, including records of financial payments, interviews with eyewitnesses and data relating to maritime and aviation movements, all indicate that Eritrean support for Somali armed opposition groups is not limited to the political or humanitarian dimensions.
Jul 29 2011 8:10PM

July 29, 2011

Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 5:05 pm

Letter dated 18 July 2011 from the Chairman of the Security

Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and

1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the

President of the Security Council

IGAD and the UN Monitoring Group’s Bizarre Allegations against Eritrea

Filed under: Politics — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 11:24 am

We have seen the communiqué issued by the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which accused Eritrea of fomenting problems in the Horn of Africa. The primary purpose of the communiqué was to set a stage for the upcoming hearing of the Somalia-Eritrea Monitoring Group by the United Nations Security Council, so that the Security Council will extend the mandate of the Monitoring Group, stiffen the existing sanctions, and punish the Eritrean people with more stringent economic sanctions.

We have also seen snippets of the accusations of the Monitoring Group via the website of their “Eritrean-American contact person, the notorious anti-Eritrean people Saleh Ghadi. In it the Group alleges that Eritrea dispatched Somali terrorists through Massawa and Somaliland; that it got involved in the Kampala bombing of the innocent civilians (in which a few Eritreans were killed and injured among others); that it is a primary human trafficker in the Horn of Africa and Sinai; that it plotted to disrupt the African Union Summit in Ethiopia by dispatching terrorists and make “Addis like Bagdad”.

All these allegations are so bizarre that they defy any logic. Most of the allegations are what the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi said in Parliament a few months ago. It looks like the UN Monitoring Group takes at face value what the Ethiopian government functionaries have to report. There is no doubt that Ethiopia will continue the campaign of Eritrean bashing and stigmatization as long as it serves its purposes and the interest of its allies.

It is a well known fact that the Somaliland government is lobbying many African governments for its bid to be recognized as an independent country; and sympathizes with the Ethiopian regime because of its proximity and the influence it has with the African Union. The Ethiopian government has representatives in Somaliland and they have many bilateral agreements. It doesn’t make any sense to say that Eritrea transported trained terrorists from Massawa through Somaliland into Somalia or Ogaden.

As to the Kampala bombing, the terrorist group Al Shabab openly admitted and boasted about it. Because of the reckless and ill conceived intervention of US and Ethiopia in Somalia, Al Shabab was formed and attracted foreign jihadists, who are experts in suicide bombing. President Museveini accused Al Shabab and pledged to stay undeterred in Somalia with the UN peacekeeping force; and Ugandan securities managed to apprehend the collaborators in the suicide bombings. But in the last few months the tone of the accusation has been changed; that the Ethiopian government took advantage of the situation and started to spread rumors of Eritrean involvement in the tragic incident of the Kampala bombings. It is to be recalled that about eight Eritreans have died and many injured in that horrible terrorist act.

The Monitoring Group should understand that Ethiopia will jump to accuse and blame Eritrea on every opportunity it gets when incidents occur in the Horn of Africa. Anyone who follows the politics of the Horn deeply, with good hearts and unbiased outlook, will attest to this. In the 2003 Gambela Massacre in Ethiopia, where near 400 civilian Agnuaks were killed by cold-blooded vigilante Ethiopian highlanders, the then Minister of regional affairs Barnabas Gebreab was quick to accuse Eritrea of the incident; but investigations indicated that conflict of Agnuak and Nuer, coupled with Ethiopia’s ethnic dived and rule, were the main trigger of that unfortunate tragic event.

The 2006 success of the Somalia’s United Islamic Courts, which rooted out the War Lords of Somalia, brought some resemblance of peace and security to that troubled country, and many Somalis especially residents of Mogadishu welcomed the new turn of events. The War Lords were supported by the US under its war on terror policy, in which the Lords and Ethiopia tried to manipulate to their own advantage. Even the then Transitional National Government (TNG) of President Abdulahi Yusuf, which was confined to the city of Baidoa, unable to move to Mogadishu, was happy about the success of UIC at first. The losers in the game were the US and Ethiopia. These two managed to convince the TNG that UIC is an ultra fanatic entity determined to work with Al-Qaeda, and a treat to the national security of US and its allies in the region.

President Abdulahi Yusuf and Prime Minister Meles Zenawi acted as delivery boys for US interest in the Horn and came up with bizarre allegations that there were 2000 Eritrea soldiers in Mogadishu, and invaded Somalia in 2006. This aggression further plunged the already unstable condition into deeper hell. When things were not going smooth in Mogadishu as planned, again the blame game continued and Eritrea got all the accusation and wrath of the only super power, the US, and its delivery boys.

Despite all these accusations, hostile maneuvers, and unjust UN sanctions, in my opinion, the people and government of Eritrea steadfastly continued to focus on investment, economic and infrastructure development including agriculture and food security. The result of it produced a glimmer of hope to the Eritrean people. According to the Economist, Eritrea’s GDP was forecast to grow by 17% due to mainly its mining sector. Eritrea managed to avoid the current famine that’s plaguing Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya because of its change in agricultural policy and its early warning and contingency plans.

All these developments, especially the mining boom gave very sleepless nights to US policy makers, Ethiopian and the bigots at Transcripts from the US Embassy in Eritrea that were leaked by Wikileaks attest to this. Ethiopian officials in local media and paltalks continued to raise their concern on the mining boom and the trend in Eritrea’s economic growth. These blind jealously coming out of Ethiopian officials are not new to the Eritrean people. Ethiopia wants Eritrea to be economically deprived unable to sustain itself. To that end they use their

diplomatic tentacles to make sure that Eritrea should not benefit from its natural resources. One way of coming after that is to concoct a very dramatic allegation that will raise a hair behind the neck of African Diplomats; that Eritrea plotted to sabotage an African Union Summit in Addis Ababa by sending terrorists to plant mass killing bombs. As usual, the Ethiopian Intelligence will claim they uncovered the plot, and bring the supposed terrorists to confess. This kind of drama is not uncommon for anyone who follows the politics of the Horn. Another allegation is that the Eritrean government is involved in the human trafficking of its own people. This is bizarre of nth order. I believe it was a year or two ago that human rights activists and others were accusing the Eritrean government on its “shoot to kill “policy on anyone who ventured to leave and escape the country. How come now they are accusing the government of human smuggling and trafficking?

But the question remains, why are IGAD and the Monitoring Groups accept the allegations of Ethiopia at face values? In most likelihood they are either manipulated or bullied by the US, Ethiopia and their allies. I think investigating the investigator (the Monitoring Group) would bring a whole host of political scum and intrigues.

At a time when the whole world is at shock again with the draught and famine in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya; when Eritrea managed to escape the dreaded plague, the UN Sanctions Committee is contemplating with giving economic sanctions to the hard working Eritrean People. The Eritrean people should be commended not sanctioned for working hard to make ends meet. Stop and lift the Unjust Sanction on Eritrea.


Yusuf A. Mahmood

July 28, 2011

Presidential Proclamation–Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions

Filed under: Uncategorized — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 6:19 pm

The White House

Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release
July 25, 2011

Presidential Proclamation–Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions





In light of the firm commitment of the United States to the preservation of international peace and security and our obligations under the United Nations Charter to carry out the decisions of the United Nations Security Council imposed under Chapter VII, I have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to suspend the entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of aliens who are subject to United Nations Security Council travel bans as of the date of this proclamation.  I have further determined that the interests of the United States are served by suspending the entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of aliens whose property and interests in property have been blocked by an Executive Order issued in whole or in part pursuant to the President’s authority under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).

NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, by the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of persons described in section 1 of this proclamation would be detrimental to the interests of the United States.  I therefore hereby proclaim that:

Section 1.  The entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of the following persons is hereby suspended:

(a)  Any alien who meets one or more of the specific criteria for the imposition of a travel ban provided for in a United Nations Security Council resolution referenced in Annex A to this proclamation.

(b)  Any alien who meets one or more of the specific criteria contained in an Executive Order referenced in Annex B to this proclamation.

Sec. 2.  Persons covered by section 1 of this proclamation shall be identified by the Secretary of State or the Secretary’s designee, in his or her sole discretion, pursuant to such standards and procedures as the Secretary may establish.

Sec. 3.  The Secretary of State shall have responsibility for implementing this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

Sec. 4.  Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of the person into the United States would not be contrary to the interests of the United States, as determined by the Secretary of State.  In exercising the functions and authorities in the previous sentence, the Secretary of State shall consult the Secretary of Homeland Security on matters related to admissibility or inadmissibility within the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Sec. 5.  Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to require actions that would be inconsistent with the United States obligations under applicable international agreements.

Sec. 6.  This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

Sec. 7.  This proclamation is effective immediately and shall remain in effect until such time as the Secretary of State determines that it is no longer necessary and should be terminated, either in whole or in part.  Any such termination shall become effective upon publication in the Federal Register.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day of July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eleven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-sixth.


July 22, 2011

Eritrea’s Yemane Ghebreab interviewed by

Filed under: News — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 10:29 am

After Eritrea on July 19 got the UN Security Council meeting it had earlier requested, interviewed Yemane Ghebreab, special political adviser to the Eritrean President. Topics ranged from the US push for additional sanctions against Eritrea, allegations of support to Al Shabaab in Somalia, the Badme land dispute with Ethiopia, and human rights, including the recent defections by Eritrean athlete — this was called “migration.”

July 20, 2011

At UN, Eritrea Gets “Bashed” Despite Badme Land Claim, Sanctions Threatened

Filed under: News — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 8:56 am

Blog at