Eritrea real clear politics's Weblog

August 5, 2011

Newsnight investigation: Billions of dollars used as a tool of political repression in Ethiopia

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 3:49 pm

a Newsnight investigation into how billions of dollars of development aid money is being used as a tool of political repression in Ethiopia.
The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, a non profit media group led by the award wining journalist Iain Overton , says it has leaked reports that expose extreme abuses during the 2005.

The United Nations has added its voice to the barrage of criticism on Ethiopia’s massive Gibe III hydropower project, calling for work to be suspended until the negative impacts of the dam have been determined.

The World Heritage Committee, which establishes sites to be listed as being of special cultural or physical significance, said the dam’s construction endangered the existence of Lake Turkana.
The lake, the largest desert lake in the world and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997, sits astride the Kenya-Ethiopian border.

In a letter to the Ethiopian and Chinese governments after its annual meeting, the committee underlined the importance of Lake Turkana as an outstanding research area for animal and plant communities.

“The area’s rich fossil finds have allowed reconstructing the history of animal species and mankind over the past 2 million years,” the committee report copied to the Ethiopian government read in part.

Both Ethiopia and China as members of the World Heritage Committee were asked to fulfill their obligations for the protection of such a site.

China is helping fund the building of the dam.

The UN body also asked the governments of Kenya and Ethiopia to invite a monitoring mission to review the dam’s impact on Lake Turkana, while encouraging the project’s lenders “to put on hold their financial support” until the committee’s next annual meeting in June 2012.

The Gibe III dam is being built by an Italian company, Salini Construction, and a Chinese state-owned bank has approved funding for the project, while its export credit agency is financing the erection of transmission lines.

The dam has been the subject of a massive campaign by mainly western rights groups over what they say are negative environmental and social impacts against an estimated 500,000 people in Kenya.
International Rivers, a US-based campaign group, said the project may be one of Africa‘s worst development disasters” because of the harm it may cause people in the south of the Horn of Africa country.

But Ethiopia has categorically denied the accusation and further signed an agreement with Kenya to export electric power. The transmission line connecting the two countries is nearing completion.

During an international hydropower summit in Addis Ababa recently, Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi defended the decision to expand dam projects.

The views of western critics are “ironic” as Ethiopian facilities are “infinitely more environmentally and socially responsible than the projects in their countries, past and present,” he said.
Mr Meles articulated his suspicion that there is a conspiracy against hydropower projects in Africa and that those who were advocating against hydropower electricity generation were condemning African and its people to remain in extreme poverty.

“They are concerned about butterflies’ lives but not human diseases,” he said.

The Ethiopian premier said that most of the activists residing in Europe and North America were not condemning their countries for causing global warming by producing carbon emission gases.

Mr Meles is the current African Union spokesperson on climate change.

Ethiopia has a hydropower potential of 45,000 Megawatts (MW), the second-largest capacity in Africa after the Democratic Republic of Congo, according to the World Bank.

Under a five-year plan, the country plans to raise its power generation to as much as 10,000 MW and expand electricity coverage to 75 per cent of the population, from the current 41 per cent.

 

Advertisements

July 29, 2011

Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 5:05 pm

Letter dated 18 July 2011 from the Chairman of the Security

Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and

1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the

President of the Security Council

 

http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2011/433

September 22, 2010

Eritrea: The Siege State

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 5:32 am

163 Eritrea The Siege State

March 13, 2010

Security Council Report Over Somalia and Eritrea

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 5:45 am

March 2010
Somalia

Expected Council Action • Key Recent Developments • Key Issues • Options • Council Dynamics • Selected UN Documents • Other Relevant Facts • Additional Useful SourcesOther SRC Reports on Somalia

Expected Council Action
In March the Council is expected to focus primarily on the Somalia sanctions regime. The Sanctions Monitoring Group is due to report to the Sanctions Committee before its current mandate expires on 20 March. It may also provide information and recommendations regarding the sanctions imposed by the Council on Eritrea in December 2009. Proposals of additional names for targeted sanctions are also possible. The Committee has still not designated any individuals or entities for targeted sanctions despite the fact that it is now 15 months since it was given the power to do so.  

The Council is expected to adopt a resolution extending the Monitoring Group mandate and consolidating its tasks. A request to the Secretary-General to expand its capacity with additional experts is also likely. 
topfull forecast

Key Recent Developments
On 23 December 2009 the Council adopted resolution 1907, imposing an arms embargo on Eritrea. The resolution also established targeted sanctions (travel ban and assets freeze) on individuals or entities that violate the arms embargo, provide support from Eritrea to armed groups seeking to destabilise the region or obstruct implementation of resolution 1862  concerning Djibouti. It called on states to inspect, in their territory, suspicious cargo to and from Somalia and Eritrea. (This type of Council request is rare.) Instead of creating a separate sanctions committee for Eritrea, the resolution expanded the mandates of the existing Committee and Monitoring Group for Somalia. (It is the first time that one committee has been put in charge of two separate sanctions regimes.) China abstained and Libya voted against the resolution despite the AU’s leading role in supporting the resolution. 

Eritrea wrote a letter  to the Council on the day of the adoption calling the resolution “shameful” and maintaining that accusations concerning its involvement in Somalia had never been “substantiated or verified”. In February Eritreans held protests in Australia, Switzerland and the US demanding an end to the sanctions.  

On 14 January the Council heard a briefing on the Secretary-General’s latest report   by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia, Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah. Ould-Abdallah outlined two main challenges for the international community in Somalia: the absence of “concrete commitment and determined international policy” towards Somalia and the lack of material assistance despite pledges made and apparent strong international support for the Transitional Federal Government (TFG). To overcome these challenges, he called for better international coordination, including cooperation with subregional organisations, enhanced “moral, diplomatic and financial” assistance for the government, vigorous action against spoilers and a more integrated UN presence, as well as early relocation to Mogadishu by the international community. Somali Ambassador Elmi Ahmed Duale, who also spoke at the meeting, said the current UN strategy was “inadequate” and called for a “much heavier UN footprint.”

On 28 January the Council adopted resolution 1910 , renewing the authorisation of the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) until 31 January 2011. (The AU Peace and Security Council renewed AMISOM’s mandate for another 12 months on 8 January.)  

Violence in Somalia escalated sharply in January according to a 2 February statement by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Two hundred and fifty-eight civilians were killed and 253 were wounded in January, making it the deadliest month since August 2009. UNHCR also estimated that 80,000 Somalis had been displaced since the beginning of the year.

On 28 February Al Shabaab ordered the World Food Programme (WFP) to halt all operations in Somalia and leave the country. It accused the WFP of handing out expired food and also said its food distribution had negatively impacted local farmers.

While the standoff between the TFG and the insurgent groups Al-Shabaab and Hizbul Islam continued with daily clashes, TFG representatives repeatedly said a government offensive was imminent.   According to media reports the insurgents responded by sending additional troops to Mogadishu while residents fled in anticipation of a major confrontation. There were also reports of renewed fighting between Al-Shabaab and Hizbul Islam in the south.

In a 29 January statement Al-Shabaab confirmed officially for the first time that it had joined Al Qaida’s “international jihad”.

In February there were reports that representatives of the TFG and Ahlu Suna Wal Jamma (ASWJ), a pro-government Islamist group that controls parts of central Somalia, were holding talks in Addis Ababa to further strengthen cooperation, possibly through inclusion of ASWJ in the Somali government.  

Human Rights-Related Developments
Following his fourth monitoring mission to the Horn of Africa, the UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia, Dr. Shamsul Bari, issued a strong warning on the security, human rights and humanitarian situation in the country. In a statement on 28 January, Dr. Bari said civilians in South and Central Somalia continued to bear the brunt of the fighting between TFG forces and insurgents. He urged the international community and the UN to strengthen international engagement and support to Somalia, including to Puntland and Somaliland. “This increased support is required”, he said, “particularly for the implementation of the three pillars of the Djibouti process— political, security and recovery—which all include crosscutting human rights issues”.

topfull forecast

Key Issues
A technical issue for the Council in March is renewal of the Monitoring Group’s mandate. A related issue is merging the two mandates currently defined by resolutions 1853 and 1907  on Somalia and Eritrea respectively.

A second issue is whether additional experts are needed as a result of the Monitoring Group’s added responsibilities and whether it should be based elsewhere than Nairobi in light of recent threats received there by its members. 

Another issue is the need to update the guidelines of the Sanctions Committee as requested by resolution 1907. 

A wider issue is moving to effective implementation of the targeted sanctions in resolutions 1844  and 1907. The Sanctions Committee has yet to make any designations under resolution 1844 well over a year after its adoption. Related issues are the impact any designations may have on the government’s reconciliation efforts and whether the Council will take action against those obstructing humanitarian access. (This sanctions criterion, which is found only in the Somalia and Democratic Republic of the Congo sanctions regimes, has never been applied.) 

A final issue is whether the Council should now focus on the situation in Somalia also in the context of the 1267 sanctions regime against Al Qaida/Taliban which authorises targeted measures against groups or individuals associated with Al Qaida. (So far only a few designations of individuals relating to the Horn of Africa have been made under this regime.)
topfull forecast

Options
Options for the Council include:

  • requesting the Secretary-General to reestablish the Monitoring Group for another 12 months within a specified time frame (in order to avoid any delay in its reestablishment, as was the case after the last mandate renewal) with an expanded mandate and adding further experts;
  • requesting the Committee to heighten focus on monitoring and implementation;  
  • sending a small mission to the region led by the chair of the Sanctions Committee, to signal its support to the work of the Monitoring Group (such a mission was originally planned to take place last November, but was postponed); 
  • designating, in the Sanctions Committee, individuals and entities for targeted sanctions, or if the Committee fails to progress on designations, bringing the issue to the Council for a decision; and
  • increasing its focus on the Horn of Africa through the 1267 Committee.

topfull forecast

Council Dynamics
It seems that Council members are having difficulties with designations of individuals and entities for targeted measures.  Some members supporting implementation of the regime often explain the delay as resulting from the lengthy domestic procedures involved in producing designation proposals.  

There appears to be general support among Council members for designations if there is sufficient evidence. However, positions are likely to remain vague until there are concrete proposals on the table.  

It seems that attempts to designate Eritrean nationals could be controversial.  Libya, which voted against resolution 1907, has left the Council, but several other members only reluctantly supported the targeted measures against Eritrea and China abstained. New members like Brazil and Lebanon seem to be generally cautious on sanctions and prefer a more balanced approach.

On the wider issues related to Somalia, most Council members appear to believe the Council is already doing as much as it can and that the main challenge now lies in implementation of what is already in place. 

The UK is the lead country on Somalia in the Council.
topfull forecast

Selected UN Documents

Selected Council Resolutions
  • S/RES/1910 (28 January 2010) renewed authorisation of AMISOM until 31 January 2011.
  • S/RES/1907  (23 December 2009) imposed an arms embargo and targeted sanctions against Eritrea.
  • S/RES/1862 (14 January 2009) demanded that Eritrea withdraw its forces within five weeks to the positions of the status quo ante in its border dispute with Djibouti and engage in dialogue to resolve the dispute.
  • S/RES/1853 (19 December 2008) extended the mandate of the Somalia Monitoring Group and requested the Secretary-General to reestablish it for a period of 12 months. (It was re-established in March 2009.)
  • S/RES/1844  (20 November 2008) imposed targeted sanctions relating to the situation in Somalia.
Latest Secretary-General’s Report
  • S/2009/684  (31 December 2009) included an assessment of progress in implementing the three-phased approach to Somalia endorsed by the Council in May 2009.
Selected Meeting Records
  • S/PV.6259(14 January 2010) was the last briefing by the Secretary-General’s Special Representative.
  • S/PV.6254  (23 December 2009) was the adoption of the Eritrea sanctions resolution with explanations of vote.
Other
  • S/2010/69 (4 February 2010) was a letter from Eritrea denouncing a 1 February communiqué from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development welcoming resolution 1907.
  • S/2010/59 (28 January 2010) was a letter from Eritrea criticising US policy in the Horn of Africa region.
  • S/2010/14 (7 January 2010) was a letter from the chairman of the Somalia Sanctions Committee transmitting its 2009 report to the Council President.
  • S/2009/666 (23 December 2009) was a letter from Eritrea protesting the Council’s decision to impose sanctions on it.
  • S/2008/769 (10 December 2008) was the last report of the Somalia Monitoring Group.

topfull forecast 

Other Relevant Facts

Special Representative of the Secretary-General
Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah (Mauritania)
Chairman of the Somalia Sanctions Committee
Claude Heller (Mexico)

topfull forecast

Additional Useful Sources

topfull forecast

 

Security Council Report
One Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza
885 Second Avenue at 48th Street, 31st Floor New York NY 10017
Tel: 212.759.9429 | Fax: 212.759.4038
contact@securitycouncilreport.org | www.securitycouncilreport.org

December 24, 2009

Security Council imposes sanctions on Eritrea over its role in Somalia, refusal to withdraw troops following conflict with Djibouti

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 7:52 am


SC/9833

Security Council
6254th Meeting (AM)

Resolution 1907 (2009) Stipulates Arms Embargo, Travel Restrictions, Asset Freezes

Gravely concerned about findings that Eritrea had provided support to armed groups undermining peace and reconciliation in Somalia and that it had not withdrawn its forces following clashes with Djibouti in June 2008, the Security Council today imposed an arms embargo on that country, in addition to travel restrictions on and a freeze on the assets of its political and military leaders.

Adopting resolution 1907 (2009) by a vote of 13 in favour to 1 against (Libya), with 1 abstention (China) under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council reiterated its demand that Eritrea withdraw its forces to the positions of the status quo ante in the area where its conflict with Djibouti had occurred, acknowledge its border dispute and cooperate fully with the Secretary-General’s good offices. It further demanded that the country cease all efforts to destabilize or overthrow, directly or indirectly, the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia.

The Council demanded that all States, in particular Eritrea, cease arming, training and equipping armed groups and their members, including Al-Shabaab, which aimed to destabilize the region or incite violence and civil strife in Djibouti. It further demanded that Eritrea cease facilitating travel and other forms of financial support to individuals or entities designated by the Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) regarding Somalia and other sanctions committees, in particular the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) regarding Al-Qaida and the Taliban.

Imposing an embargo on arms and associated materiel to and from Eritrea, the Council called upon all States to inspect all cargo to and from Somalia and Eritrea, and upon discovery of prohibited items, to seize and dispose of them. It decided that travel restrictions and an asset freeze should apply to individuals, including but not limited to, the Eritrean political and military leadership, so designated by the Committee on Somalia Sanctions, as well as to governmental and parastatal actors and entities privately owned by Eritrean nationals living within or outside Eritrean territory, so designated by the same Committee. Also by the text, the Council expanded the Committee’s mandate to undertake those additional tasks, as well as that of the Monitoring Group assisting the Committee.

Libya’s representative, in explaining his negative vote, said more time and concerted cooperation were needed to persuade all countries in the Horn of Africa to establish mechanisms to deal with their problems. Libya had advocated the use of international legal bodies to resolve border disputes, which were the main cause of disagreement in the region. Describing the resolution as unrealistic and too hasty, he said sanctions were not the ideal way to solve the current problem and their humanitarian effects would exacerbate current tensions. Libya would have preferred that the Council wait until the African Union Summit in January, which would consider the problems of the Horn of Africa.

China’s representative said he had abstained from the vote because the Council should always act prudently in imposing sanctions. The priorities in the region were dialogue between countries and restraint from violence. China supported international efforts to encourage reconciliation in Somalia, but the resolution of that country’s problems required the cooperation of all countries in the region. In addition, the African Union was better suited to address conflicts in the Horn of Africa through diplomatic methods.

Djibouti’s representative said that, by adopting the resolution, the Council had further highlighted its growing cooperation with the African Union in maintaining peace and security on the continent. Noting that the July 2009 African Union Summit in Sirte, Libya, had called upon the Council to impose sanctions on foreign actors, particularly Eritrea, supporting the efforts of armed groups to destabilize Somalia, he said Eritrea had also refused to implement resolution 1862 (2009) regarding its border dispute with Djibouti. The Government of Djibouti today warmly welcomed justice at last against the “unprovoked, naked and blatant aggression against my country by Eritrea almost two years ago”. Hopes were high in the Horn of Africa that today’s action would be the beginning of the end to prolonged, destructive, senseless and wasteful wars and hostilities.

Somalia’s representative said Eritrea had been a major negative factor in prolonging the conflict in his country. Eritrea had been giving refuge and safe haven to known terrorists, rebels, spoilers and violators of human rights, whose purpose all along was to destabilize Somalia. It had been providing, financing and facilitating the flow of arms and other resources to the extremists and terrorist elements in Somalia, as well as economic, political, moral and propaganda support to the armed insurgents and spoilers. However, the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia stood ready to enter into serious dialogue with Eritrea in order to solve any outstanding matters.

Other speakers welcomed the Council’s adoption of the resolution following the request of the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority for Development. Noting that the measures imposed by the resolution were not comprehensive but targeted and corrective, and that designation of individuals and entities to be subjected to its measures was in the hands of the Somali Sanctions Committee, they expressed hope that future actions by Eritrea would allow the Council to review the measures in a positive way.

Also speaking were the representatives of Uganda, Viet Nam, Austria, Japan, United Kingdom, Mexico, Turkey and Burkina Faso.

The meeting began at 10:40 a.m. and ended at 11:25 a.m.

Background

The Security Council met this morning to consider a draft resolution submitted by Uganda regarding the situation between Djibouti and Eritrea, as well as the Djibouti Agreement and Peace Process for a resolution of the conflict in Somalia. Also before it was a letter dated 15 December from the Permanent Representative of Eritrea to the Council President (document S/2009/658), in which he urges Council members to use their influence to ensure the rejection of the draft in its entirety.

Action on Draft Resolution

The Council adopted the draft resolution with 13 members voting in favour to 1 against ( Libya), with 1 abstention ( China).

The full text of resolution 1907 (2009) reads as follows:

“The Security Council,

“Recalling its previous resolutions and statements of its President concerning the situation in Somalia and the border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea, in particular its resolutions 751 (1992), 1844 (2008), and 1862 (2009), and its statements of 18 May 2009 (S/PRST/2009/15), 9 July 2009 (S/PRST/2009/19), 12 June 2008 (S/PRST/2008/20),

“Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and political independence and unity of Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrea, respectively,

“Expressing the importance of resolving the border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea,

“Reaffirming that the Djibouti Agreement and Peace Process represent the basis for a resolution of the conflict in Somalia, and further reaffirming its support for the Transitional Federal Government (TFG),

“Noting the decision of the 13th Assembly of the African Union (AU) in Sirte, Libya, calling on the Council to impose sanctions against foreign actors, both within and outside the region, especially Eritrea, providing support to the armed groups engaged in destabilization activities in Somalia and undermining the peace and reconciliation efforts as well as regional stability (S/2009/388),

“Further noting the decision of the 13th Assembly of the AU in Sirte, Libya expressing its grave concern at the total absence of progress regarding the implementation by Eritrea of, inter alia, resolution 1862 (2009) regarding the border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea (S/2009/388),

“Expressing its grave concern at the findings of the Monitoring Group re-established by resolution 1853 (2008) as outlined in its December 2008 report (S/2008/769) that Eritrea has provided political, financial and logistical support to armed groups engaged in undermining peace and reconciliation in Somalia and regional stability,

“Condemning all armed attacks on TFG officials and institutions, the civilian population, humanitarian workers and the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) personnel,

“Expressing its grave concern at Eritrea’s rejection of the Djibouti Agreement, as noted in the letter of 19 May 2009, from the Permanent Representative of Eritrea to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council (S/2009/256),

“Recalling its resolution 1844 (2008) in which it decided to impose measures against individuals or entities designated as engaging in or providing support to acts that threaten peace, security and stability in Somalia, acting in violation of the arms embargo or obstructing the flow of humanitarian assistance to Somalia,

“Expressing its appreciation of the contribution of AMISOM to the stability of Somalia, and further expressing its appreciation for the continued commitment to AMISOM by the Governments of Burundi and Uganda,

“Reiterating its intention to take measures against those who seek to prevent or block the Djibouti Peace Process,

“Expressing its deep concern that Eritrea has not withdrawn its forces to the status quo ante, as called for by the Security Council in its resolution 1862 (2009) and the statement of its President dated 12 June 2008 (S/PRST/2008/20),

“Reiterating its serious concern at the refusal of Eritrea so far to engage in dialogue with Djibouti, or to accept bilateral contacts, mediation or facilitation efforts by sub-regional or regional organizations or to respond positively to the efforts of the Secretary-General,

“Taking note of the letter of the Secretary-General issued on 30 March 2009 (S/2009/163), and the subsequent briefings by the Secretariat on the Djibouti-Eritrea conflict,

“Noting that Djibouti has withdrawn its forces to the status quo ante and cooperated fully with all concerned, including the United Nations fact-finding mission and the good offices of the Secretary-General,

“Determining that Eritrea’s actions undermining peace and reconciliation in Somalia as well as the dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea constitute a threat to international peace and security,

“Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

“1. Reiterates that all Member States, including Eritrea, shall comply fully with the terms of the arms embargo imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 733 (1992), as elaborated and amended by resolutions 1356 (2001), 1425 (2002), 1725 (2006), 1744 (2007) and 1772 (2007) on Somalia and the provisions of resolution 1844 (2008);

“2. Calls upon all Member States, including Eritrea, to support the Djibouti Peace Process and support reconciliation efforts by the TFG in Somalia, and demands that Eritrea cease all efforts to destabilize or overthrow, directly or indirectly, the TFG;

“3. Reiterates its demand that Eritrea immediately comply with resolution 1862 (2009) and:

(i) Withdraw its forces and all their equipment to the positions of the status quo ante, and ensure that no military presence or activity is being pursued in the area where the conflict occurred in Ras Doumeira and Doumeira Island in June 2008;

(ii) Acknowledge its border dispute with Djibouti in Ras Doumeira and Doumeira Island, engage actively in dialogue to defuse the tension and engage also in diplomatic efforts leading to a mutually acceptable settlement of the border issue; and,

(iii)Abide by its international obligations as a Member of the United Nations, respect the principles mentioned in Article 2, paragraphs 3, 4, and 5, and Article 33 of the Charter, and cooperate fully with the Secretary-General, in particular through his proposal of good offices mentioned in paragraph 3 of resolution 1862 (2009);

“4. Demands that Eritrea make available information pertaining to Djiboutian combatants missing in action since the clashes of 10 to 12 June, 2008 so that those concerned may ascertain the presence and condition of Djiboutian prisoners of war;

“5. Decides that all Member States shall immediately take the necessary measures to prevent the sale or supply to Eritrea by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and technical assistance, training, financial and other assistance, related to the military activities or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of these items, whether or not originating in their territories;

“6. Decides that Eritrea shall not supply, sell or transfer directly or indirectly from its territory or by its nationals or using its flag vessels or aircraft any arms or related materiel, and that all Member States shall prohibit the procurement of the items, training and assistance described in paragraph 5 above from Eritrea by their nationals, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, whether or not originating in the territory of Eritrea;

“7. Calls upon all Member States to inspect, in their territory, including seaports and airports, in accordance with their national authorities and legislation, and consistent with international law, all cargo to and from Somalia and Eritrea, if the State concerned has information that provides reasonable grounds to believe the cargo contains items the supply, transfer, or export of which is prohibited by paragraphs 5 and 6 of this resolution or the general and complete arms embargo to Somalia established pursuant to paragraph 5 of resolution 733 (1992) and elaborated and amended by subsequent resolutions for the purpose of ensuring strict implementation of those provisions;

“8. Decides to authorize all Member States to, and that all Member States shall, upon discovery of items prohibited by paragraphs 5 and 6 above, seize and dispose (either by destroying or rendering inoperable) items the supply, sale, transfer, or export of which is prohibited by paragraphs 5 and 6 of this resolution and decides further that all Member States shall cooperate in such efforts;

“9. Requires any Member State when it finds items the supply, sale, transfer, or export of which is prohibited by paragraphs 5 and 6 of this resolution to submit promptly a report to the Committee containing relevant details, including the steps taken to seize and dispose of the items;

“10. Decides that all Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals, designated by the Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) and expanded by resolution 1844 (2008) (herein “the Committee”) pursuant to the criteria in paragraph 15 below, provided that nothing in this paragraph shall oblige a state to refuse entry into its territory to its own nationals;

“11. Decides that the measures imposed by paragraph 10 above shall not apply:

(a) where the Committee determines on a case-by-case basis that such travel is justified on the grounds of humanitarian need, including religious obligation; or,

(b) where the Committee determines on a case-by-case basis that an exemption would otherwise further the objectives of peace and stability in the region;

“12. Decides that all Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or aircraft of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned and the direct or indirect supply of technical assistance or training, financial and other assistance including investment, brokering or other financial services, related to military activities or to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, maintenance or use of weapons and military equipment, to the individuals or entities designated by the Committee pursuant to paragraph 15 below;

“13. Decides that all Member States shall freeze without delay the funds, other financial assets and economic resources which are on their territories on the date of adoption of this resolution or at any time thereafter, that are owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the entities and individuals designated by the Committee pursuant to paragraph 15 below, or by individuals or entities acting on their behalf or their direction, and decides further that all Member States shall ensure that no funds, financial assets or economic resources are made available by their nationals or by any individuals or entities within their territories to or for the benefit of such individuals or entities;

“14. Decides that the measures imposed by paragraph 13 above do not apply to funds, other financial assets or economic resources that have been determined by relevant Member States:

(a) to be necessary for basic expenses, including payment for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges or exclusively for payment of reasonable professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services, or fees or service charges, in accordance with national laws, for routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds, other financial assets and economic resources, after notification by the relevant Member State to the Committee of the intention to authorize, where appropriate, access to such funds, other financial assets or economic resources, and in the absence of a negative decision by the Committee within three working days of such notification;

(b) to be necessary for extraordinary expenses, provided that such determination has been notified by the relevant Member State(s) to the Committee and has been approved by the Committee; or

(c) to be the subject of a judicial, administrative or arbitral lien or judgment, in which case the funds, other financial assets and economic resources may be used to satisfy that lien or judgment provided that the lien or judgment was entered into prior to the date of the present resolution, is not for the benefit of a person or entity designated pursuant to paragraph 13 above, and has been notified by the relevant Member State(s) to the Committee;

“15. Decides that the provisions of paragraph 10 above shall apply to individuals, including but not limited to the Eritrean political and military leadership, and that the provisions of paragraphs 12 and 13 above shall apply to individuals and entities, including but not limited to Eritrean political and military leadership, governmental, and parastatal entities, and entities privately owned by Eritrean nationals living within or outside of Eritrean territory, designated by the Committee:

(a) as violating the measures established by paragraphs 5 and 6 above;

(b) as providing support from Eritrea to armed opposition groups which aim to destabilize the region;

(c) as obstructing implementation of resolution 1862 (2009) concerning Djibouti;

(d) as harbouring, financing, facilitating, supporting, organizing, training, or inciting individuals or groups to perpetrate acts of violence or terrorist acts against other States or their citizens in the region;

(e) as obstructing the investigations or work of the Monitoring Group;

“16. Demands that all Member States, in particular Eritrea, cease arming, training, and equipping armed groups and their members including Al-Shabaab, that aim to destabilize the region or incite violence and civil strife in Djibouti;

“17. Demands Eritrea cease facilitating travel and other forms of financial support to individuals or entities designated by the Committee and other Sanctions Committees, in particular the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999), in line with the provisions set out in the relevant resolutions;

“18. Decides to further expand the mandate of the Committee to undertake the additional tasks:

(a) To monitor, with the support of the Monitoring Group, the implementation of the measures imposed in paragraphs 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 13 above;

(b) To designate those individuals or entities subject to the measures imposed by paragraphs 10, 12 and 13 above, pursuant to criteria set forth in paragraph 15 above;

(c) To consider and decide upon requests for exemptions set out in paragraphs 11 and 14 above;

(d) To update its guidelines to reflect its additional tasks;

“19. Decides to further expand the mandate of the Monitoring Group re-established by resolution 1853 (2008) to monitor and report on implementation of the measures imposed in this resolution and undertake the tasks outlined below, and requests the Secretary-General to make appropriate arrangements for additional resources and personnel so that the expanded Monitoring Group may continue to carry out its mandate, and in addition:

(a) Assist the Committee in monitoring the implementation of the measures imposed in paragraphs 5, 6, 8,10, 12 and 13 above, including by reporting any information on violations;

(b) Consider any information relevant to implementation of paragraphs 16 and 17 above that should be brought to the attention of the Committee;

(c) Include in its reports to the Security Council any information relevant to the Committee’s designation of the individuals and entities described in paragraph 15 above;

(d) Coordinate as appropriate with other Sanctions Committees’ panels of experts in pursuit of these tasks;

“20. Calls upon all Members States to report to the Security Council within 120 days of the adoption of this resolution on steps they have taken to implement the measures outlined in the paragraphs 5, 6, 10, 12 and 13 above;

“21. Affirms that it shall keep Eritrea’s actions under review and that it shall be prepared to adjust the measures, including through their strengthening, modification, or lifting, in light of Eritrea’s compliance with the provisions of this resolution;

“22. Requests the Secretary-General to report within 180 days on Eritrea’s compliance with the provisions of this resolution;

“23. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”

Statements

RUHAKANA RUGUNDA ( Uganda) recalled that, at its 2009 Summit in Sirte, Libya, the African Union had called on the Council to impose sanctions against foreign actors both within and outside the region, especially Eritrea, who provided support to armed groups in Somalia, thus undermining peace and reconciliation efforts as well as regional stability.

He said the resolution just adopted was a clear manifestation of the cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union in efforts to resolve conflicts on the continent. The measures imposed by the text were not comprehensive, but targeted and corrective, and it was to be hoped that Eritrea would take sufficient actions to enable the Council to positively review the measures imposed today.

LE LUONG MINH (Viet Nam), noting that he had voted in favour of the text, called on the parties concerned to show maximum restraint in implementing relevant Council resolutions, and to engage in dialogue to resolve the border dispute between them. International conflicts, including border disputes, should be resolved by peaceful means and in compliance with international law and the provisions of the United Nations Charter. He urged the Council to keep the situation under constant review.

ABDURRAHMAN MOHAMED SHALGHAM ( Libya) said more time and concerted cooperation was needed to persuade all countries in the Horn of Africa to establish mechanisms for dealing with their problems. Libya advocated the use of international legal bodies to resolve border disputes, which were the main cause of disagreement in the region. It supported Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government and the proposed creation of a Government of National Unity there, under the Djibouti Agreement. Libya called on all parties to sign up to and implement that accord.

Describing the resolution just adopted as unrealistic and too hasty, he said his own country had been subject to sanctions and knew well their counter-productive effects. Sanctions were not the ideal way to solve the current problem, and their humanitarian effects would exacerbate current tensions. The African Union would hold its next Summit in January, when it would consider the problems in the Horn of Africa. Libya would have preferred that the Council wait until the results of that meeting were known, he said.

ZHANG YESUI ( China) said he had abstained from the vote because the Council should always act prudently in imposing sanctions. The priorities in the region were dialogue between countries and restraint from violence. China hoped that countries in the region would make stronger efforts to create a harmonious environment so that reconciliation could take place in Somalia and the wider region.

Expressing support for international efforts to encourage reconciliation in Somalia, he said, however, that resolution of the country’s problems required the cooperation of all countries in the region. China called on them to engage with each other in that spirit. In addition, the African Union was better suited to address conflicts in the Horn of Africa through diplomatic methods.

CHRISTIAN EBNER ( Austria) said he had voted in favour of the text as his country condemned all acts undermining the peace process in Somalia. It was significant that the targeted sanctions were based on a two-step approach. Designation for targeted sanctions would be determined by the Somalia sanctions Committee, but beyond the imposition of sanctions, it would be important to seek solutions to the underlying problems.

YUKIO TAKASU ( Japan) said he had voted in favour of the resolution as his country respected African initiatives to address the conflicts in the Horn of Africa. The disputes should be resolved through diplomatic means, including mediation. There was a need to accelerate efforts to resolve conflicts in the Horn of Africa, and it was to be hoped that all States in the region, including Eritrea, would comply with the resolution. The Council would keep the measures under constant review in light of future developments.

MARK LYALL GRANT ( United Kingdom) said the resolution had created a new sanctions regime in response to continued violations of Council resolutions in the Horn of Africa. It followed requests by two regional organizations, the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). The Monitoring Group on sanctions regarding Somalia had presented evidence that Eritrea was providing support to armed groups undermining the country’s peace process. Moreover, Eritrea had failed to comply with resolution 1862 (2009) regarding its border dispute with Djibouti. The United Kingdom urged the Government of Eritrea to stop its illegal actions and engage with international partners to increase stability in the region. Future Council actions would depend on its response.

CLAUDE HELLER ( Mexico) said the sanctions regime would improve chances for reconciliation in Somalia, and his country, which chaired the Sanctions Committee, would continue working to ensure that the measures provided incentives for the various regional actors to join a process leading towards stability in the region.

ERTUĞRUL APAKAN ( Turkey) said that, in principle, disputes should be solved through diplomacy and dialogue, and it was therefore to be he hoped that the resolution would be used by all parties to encourage dialogue and to resolve all outstanding issues in the Horn of Africa.

Council President MICHEL KAFANDO (Burkina Faso), speaking in his national capacity, said that while his country considered sanctions as a mechanism of last resort, he was deeply concerned by the serious deterioration of the security situation resulting from attacks by the Al-Shabaab movement, which was supported by foreign entities.

He said he remained convinced of the African Union’s importance in resolving the continent’s conflicts, noting that the resolution included review mechanisms. He urged Eritrea to work with others in the region to foster a diplomatic solution to the problems in Somalia and the wider Horn of Africa.

ROBLE OLHAYE ( Djibouti) said that by adopting the resolution, the Council had further highlighted its growing cooperation with the African Union in maintaining peace and security on the continent. The Sirte Summit had called on the Council to impose sanctions on foreign actors, particularly Eritrea, that supported the efforts of armed groups to destabilize Somalia and minimize reconciliation efforts.

Noting that Eritrea had refused to implement resolution 1862 (2009) on its border dispute with Djibouti, he said there had been a convergence of views between the Council and the African Union on the lack of cooperation and dialogue on the part of Eritrea, which had shown nothing but disdain while refusing to cooperate, in spite of the offers of good offices made by the two organizations.

The part of Djibouti’s territory now occupied by Eritrea had been the subject of a previous contention in 1996, he recalled. A decade later, in 2008, there had been a military confrontation between the two countries, followed by the occupation of Ras Doumeira and Domeira Island by Eritrean forces. The conclusions of a Security Council fact-finding mission had been clear, unmistakable and far-reaching. They were a damning indictment of the Eritrean regime’s erratic behaviour and its dishonest and deliberate distortions of facts.

Recalling Eritrea’s rejection of resolution 1862 (2009), which demanded that it implement specific actions within six weeks, he said it was inconceivable that a year had passed without any implementation of the resolution. Today, justice had been done at last against the “unprovoked, naked and blatant aggression against my country by Eritrea almost two years ago”. Rarely had a sanctions resolution involved three countries, impacting on a whole region, and hopes were high in the Horn of Africa that today’s action would be the beginning of the end of the prolonged, destructive, senseless and wasteful wars and hostilities. The measures outlined in the resolution targeted only the Eritrean regime’s destructive role in Somalia and its infringement of Djibouti’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

He went on to point out that Eritrea had been “stonewalling” for one and a half years to avoid providing information about the conditions and whereabouts of 19 Djiboutian prisoners of war, while denying access to them by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. However, Djibouti continued to treat Eritrean prisoners of war humanely, allowing access to all concerned. He demanded that Eritrea, as a Member State of the United Nations, accept its international obligations under the Third Geneva Convention.

ELMI AHMED DUALE (Somalia) said Eritrea had been a major negative factor in prolonging the conflict in his country, while, on the Djibouti front, it had had demonstrated an unfriendly and non-neighbourly attitude all along. Eritrea had been giving refuge and safe haven to known terrorists, rebels, spoilers and violators of human rights, whose purpose all along was to destabilize Somalia. It had been providing, financing and facilitating the flow of arms and other resources to the extremists and terrorist elements in Somalia, as well as economic, political, moral and propaganda support to armed insurgents and spoilers.

He said Eritrea’s hostile activities of the past two decades included blatant sabotage of peace efforts and reconciliation, as well as frustrating the efforts of the previous Transitional National Government and the current Transitional Federal Government. Despite all those hostile activities, however, the Transitional Federal Government was ready at any time to enter into serious dialogue with Eritrea to solve any outstanding matters, although that country’s past actions did not give confidence that it would change its hostile attitude. Somalia therefore sought the support of the Council, the United Nations and the international community in confronting Eritrea squarely, now rather than later, and encouraging it to join the ongoing international efforts to enhance the ongoing peace and stabilization process in Somalia.

For information media • not an official record

 http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/EGUA-7YZTY4?OpenDocument
UN: http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2009/sc9833.doc.htm

December 23, 2009

UN slaps sanctions on Eritrea

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 7:25 pm

By Gerard Aziakou (AFP)

UNITED NATIONS — The UN Security Council slapped an arms embargo on Eritrea Wednesday and targeted sanctions on its leaders for aiding Somali rebels and refusing to withdraw troops from its disputed border with Djibouti.

Thirteen of the council’s 15 members voted in favor of Resolution 1907 but veto-wielding China abstained while Libya, the lone Arab member of the council and the current chair of the African Union, voted against.

The Ugandan-drafted text bans weapons sales to and from Eritrea, while also imposing travel restrictions and asset freezes on the country’s political and military leadership.

The measure demands that Asmara “cease all efforts to destabilize or overthrow, directly or indirectly” the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in Somalia.

It urges member states to conduct inspections on their territory, including seaports and airports, of “all cargo to and from Somalia and Eritrea” if there is reasonable grounds to believe the shipments contain banned weapons or related material.

The text also presses Eritrea to withdraw troops immediately from disputed territories along its frontier with Djibouti and engage in diplomatic efforts leading to “a mutually acceptable” settlement of their long-running border dispute.

It further calls on all member states, in particular Eritrea, to stop “arming, training and equipping armed groups that aim to destabilize the region or incite violence and civil strife in Djibouti,” including Somalia’s hardline Islamic militants.

Libya’s deputy UN ambassador, Ibrahim Dabbashi, said “sanctions are not the ideal way of resolving problems” and would likely exacerbate the humanitarian crisis in the Horn of Africa.

The Chinese ambassador to the United Nations, Zhang Yesui, argued the “council should act prudently in adopting sanctions.”

He stressed that sanctions should not replace diplomatic efforts to resolve the issue through negotiations.

In a letter sent to the Security Council ahead of the vote, Eritrea’s UN ambassador, Araya Desta, urged all members “to use their influence to ensure the rejection of this draft resolution in its entirety.”

He accused Washington of being “the main architect” of a resolution that “has no factual or legal justifications.”

“The UN Security Council cannot penalize Eritrea for its views simply because (Asmara) does not toe or conform to Washington’s policy choices and preferences,” Desta charged.

Both the African Union and the east African Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) bloc, which groups Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda, have been calling since July for UN sanctions to punish Eritrea for backing Somali rebels.

The United States has blamed Eritrea for fanning the violence in Somalia, a country that has not known peace for nearly two decades. A UN monitoring group has detailed how Asmara supplies arms and cash to Somali opposition forces.

Somalia’s wobbly transitional government controls virtually no territory and has been unable to govern the country due to constant and fierce fighting with hardline Islamist militias.

On Eritrea’s border dispute with Djibouti, the resolution reiterated the Security Council’s call in Resolution 1862 adopted in January that Asmara pull out its forces and all their equipment from disputed territories and ensure that no military presence or activity take place in the area.

That resolution had given Eritrea five weeks to pull out.

The dispute over the Ras Doumeira promontory on the shores of the Red Sea last flared up in June 2008 after previous clashes in 1996 and 1999.

It has assumed a greater strategic significance because both France and the United States have bases in the former French colony. The United States stations over 1,200 troops in Djibouti, which hosts an anti-terrorism task force in the Horn of Africa.

Resolution 1907 also directed UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to report within 180 days on Asmara’s compliance with its provisions.

http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5g0XnF3848Jzg5Dh1mAyt2gZ8g4Mg

December 4, 2009

ERITREA-SUDAN: A forgotten refugee problem

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 4:19 pm

Photo: Maram Mazen/IRIN
A boy at Shagarab refugee camp: Shagarab, with the worst conditions among the three biggest camps in eastern Sudan, houses more than 21,000 mostly Eritrean refugees, in addition to some Ethiopians and Somalis.

KASSALA, 3 December 2009 (IRIN) – Eastern Sudan hosts more than 66,000 registered Eritrean refugees, the first of whom arrived in 1968 during the early years of Eritrea’s war of independence against Ethiopia. These days, Eritrea’s policy of indefinite military conscription, coupled with drought and poor economic opportunities, prompt some 1,800 people to cross into Sudan every month, according to the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR.

“Refugees have been here for the past 30-40 years, which is two to three generations, and that is quite unique,” said Peter de Clercq, the UNHCR representative in Sudan.

“It is as far as we know the longest-standing refugee situation in Africa that is still protracted. That is mostly because of the political situation inside Eritrea,” he said.

As they planned for their big escape to Europe or Israel, asylum-seekers dreamed of a better life in Sudan. But instead, thousands woke up to the realities of the grim camp conditions, lacking food security or proper healthcare, and sharing scarce resources with Sudanese nationals. On arrival at the reception centre at Shagarab camp in Kassala state, near the Eritrean border, they are not immediately provided with proper shelter. Only when their refugee status is confirmed, which can take four to six weeks, are they able to move into tents or huts, which they often have to build themselves.

“Living here is difficult. Hearing about it from afar, the camp sounded comfortable, but if you come here it seems like [an Eritrean] national service camp, because you can’t have any money,” said a 22-year-old Eritrean refugee.

Shagarab, with the worst conditions among the three biggest camps in eastern Sudan, houses more than 21,000 mostly Eritrean refugees, in addition to some Ethiopians and Somalis. The 1,800 monthly arrivals also include young men who flee forced conscription in the Eritrean army.

“I worked in the army for more than 10 years. I left because my family is very poor. Not enough money to live in Eritrea. It is very hard,” said another refugee, 34. “We four brothers were in the army, so nobody could feed our family,” he added.

The UN World Food Programme supplies the camps with food aid but refugees say it is not enough. Education opportunities for children are also inadequate. Out of 15,000 children in the 12 camps in the east, 6,000 do not get the chance for a primary education because schools lack the capacity to absorb them, UNHCR Africa Director George Okoth-Obbo said later in Khartoum.


Photo: Maram Mazen/IRIN
Children at the Wad Sharifey refugee camp, home to 15,020 mostly Eritrean refugees

Status revoked

In 2002, the refugee status enjoyed by those who had fled the independence war, or subsequent conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, was revoked, on the grounds that the circumstances that led to their exodus no longer pertained.

Although thousands of refugees returned to Eritrea, some refused to do so.

A 24-year-old mother of three, born and raised in the Wad Sharifey camp close to the Eritrean border, told IRIN: “I do not want to go back to Eritrea. The reasons for us leaving have not ended.”

Most of the refugees stay inside the camps. However, many risk their lives trying to reach Europe or Israel. “We can indeed confirm reports that many people in fact do not make it – people do die in the desert, there is no doubt about that, and there are many dead bodies that wash up on the shore,” De Clercq said in Khartoum.

Some of the refugees move to other cities in Sudan looking for employment. The government says there are about 40,000 refugees living in urban centres, sharing services and job opportunities with Sudanese nationals. Although UNHCR says the government has not rejected any Eritrean asylum-seekers, it does try to reduce the pull of the refugee camps to potential ones.

Refugees are allowed to work in Sudan, but government policy is to keep them inside the camps, said Abdallah Soliman Mohamed, deputy commissioner of refugees. With no access to better education for refugee children, and after international donors have supported the camps for more than 40 years, UNHCR says it is looking into other ways for the refugees to become self-reliant.

“The first durable solution for refugees is to go back home. We will always investigate that opportunity. But it doesn’t seem as if in the near future there are any major opportunities for return [to Eritrea],” De Clercq said. “Therefore, the next best solution is the local integration of the refugees in eastern Sudan, and that very much depends on the support we get from the government.”


Photo: Maram Mazen/IRIN Maram Mazen/IRIN
A woman sits in her home in the Wad Sharifey refugee camp: Eritrea’s policy of indefinite military conscription, coupled with drought and poor economic opportunities, prompt some 1,800 people to cross into Sudan every month, according to the UNHCR

Refugee projects

De Clercq said the UN agency was studying with the Sudanese government possible projects that would lead to the refugees’ self-reliance. Among the projects being discussed is leasing irrigated land to refugees so they can provide for their own food needs and sell the excess produce.

After formulating a comprehensive programme with the Sudanese government, UNHCR says it will present the suggested activities to international donors in 2010, which would require additional funds. UNHCR spent US$16 million this year on the camps.

With no clear end in sight, UNHCR says the refugee problem could be exacerbated as agencies expect a bigger influx of Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees to cross into Sudan in the next few months because of a drought and food shortages.

“There are very clear indications both in Ethiopia and Eritrea, as well as in eastern Sudan that this will be a very bad season. It’s the coming season in the next few months that is going to be really crucial to see whether this will materialize,” De Clerq said.

If drought does hit those regions, the numbers of Ethiopians and Eritreans coming into Sudan in the next few months could be as high as “tens of thousands of people”, he said.

mm/mw

Themes: (IRIN) Early Warning, (IRIN) Refugees/IDPs
[ENDS]
Report can be found online at:
http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87300[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
 

December 2, 2009

People and Power -The mystery behind Eritrea – 2 Dec 09

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 9:46 pm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FrvaEVs2VtE

ግርም ከም ቱሪስት ኬንካ ተኣትዩ፡ ሑቡእ ካሜራታት ጌርካ ተሳኢሉ፡ እንታይ ሓድሽ ነገር ካብ ማሕብረሰብ ዓለም ዝተኸወለ ነገር ተቋሊሑን ኣሎን? እዚ ኹሉ ሰብኣዊ ጉልበት ድኻም፡ ዘይተደነ ፋይናንሳዊ ወጻኢታትን ስለያዊ ስርሓት ዝመስል ኣሳራርሓ እንታይ ኣድለየ? ኩሉ ንህዝባዊ መራኸቢ ሃልክታት እዩ። ልዕሉ ኹሉ ግን እታ ጋዘጤኛ ኣቀዲሙ ዝተነግራ፡ ዘንበቦቶ ሓቤሬታታ ጎዶናታትን ከተማታትን ኤርትራ እንዳርኣየት ትደግም ዘላ ፓፓጋሎ እያ ትመስል። እቲ ንሳ ትገልጾ ዘላ ኩሉ ጊዝየ ብዝተፈላለዩ ኤርትራዉያን መራኸቢ ቡዙሓንን ዓለምለኸን ዝግለጽን ዝፍለጥን እዩ። ብመንጸር እዚ ምልካዊ ስርዓት ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ ንጋዜጠኛታት ከም መሳርሒ ናይ ስለያዊ ስርሓት ኣምሲሉ ስለዝኸሶም፡ ነዚ ክስታት እዚ ኣራጋጊጻቱሉን ኣራጊዳትሉን ኣላ። እዚ ኣጋባብ ኣሳራርሓ እዚ ንምልካዊ ስርዓት ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ መሊሱ ዘናቕጾን ሉጋሙ ኣኽሪሩ ከምዝዕትዕቶ ዝገብሮ እንበር ቅጭጭ ዝብሎ ኣይመስለኒን። ነቶም ብወግዕ ከም ጋዜጠኛታት ኮይኖም ዝኣቱዉ ንዉሽጥ ኤርትራ ዝነበረ ተኽእሎታት ዘርቕቕን ዘጻብብን ተግባር እዉን እዩ።

November 21, 2009

ሓፈሻው ኩነታት ትምህርትን ስርዓት ትምህርትን ኣብ ኤርትራ

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 12:27 pm

ብተዛማዲ ኣብ ኩሉ ዓውድታት ስራሕ ኤርትራ ግሉጽን ስቱርን ተቓውምታት’ኳ እንተሃለወ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ኣብ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ 2008/2009 ኣመልኪቱ ኣብ ዘካየዶ ገምጋም ስራሕ መማህራን’ውን ብጋህዲ ካብ ዘቕረብዎ ግን ከኣ መዓኽን መራኸብቲ ሓፋሽ ህግደፍ ዝሸፋፈንኦ ተቓውሞታት ከቕርበልኩም።

 

ሓፈሻዊ ኩነታት ትምህርቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ኣብዚ ሕጂ እዋን

 

ድሕረ ባይታ ድሕሪ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ብመሰረት ኣብቲ እዋን ዝወጸ መምርሒ ትምህርቲ

መባእታ ደረጃ (primary school) – ካብ 1ይ ክሳብ 5ይ ክፍሊ

ማእከላይ ደረጃ (Middle school) – ካብ 6ይ ክሳብ 8ይ ክፍሊ

ካልኣይ ደረጃ (High school) – ካብ 9ይ ክሳብ 11 ክፍሊ’ዩ ኔሩ። ድሒሩ ዝተገበረ ምትዕርራይ ኣብ ማኣከላይን ካልኣይን ኾይኑ ማለት ማEከላይ ካብ 6ይ ክጅምር ካልኣይ ካብ 9ይ ክጅምር መባእታ ግን ከምዘለዎ ኾይኑ ብቋንቋ ኣዶ ክኸውን ተጌሩ።

ድሕሪ 2003 እውን ኣብ ውሸጢ ማእከል ስልጠና ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ሳዋ ናይ 12 ክፍሊ

ትምህርቲ ተጀሚሩ። ከም መልቐቂ ፈተና ካልኣይ ደረጃ (High school leaving certificate examination/matriculation) ኣብ ከባቢ መጋቢት ትምህርቶም ዝውድእ ተምሃሮ 11 ክፍሊ ተፈቲኖም ንወተሃደራዊ ታዓሊምን ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎትን ናብ ሳዋ ይወረዱ’ሞ መስከረም ውጽእቶም ሰሚዖም እቶም ዝሓለፉ ናብ ኣስመራ ዩኒቨርስቲ እቶም ዝተረፉ’ውን ዒጭኦም ውትህድርና ይኸውን ኔሩ። ኣብ ሳዋ 12 ክፍሊ ምስተጀመረ ግን እቲ ፈተና ኣብ 12 ክፍሊ ከምዝኸውን ተጌሩ። ኣብዚ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ ብፕረዝደንት ሃገረ ኤርትራ ኣብ ሳዋ ንዝነበሩ ተምሃሮ ዘገርም ሓድሽ መብጽዓ ተዋሂቡ ”ካብ ሕጂ ፈተና ዝተረፈ ፍቆዶ በረኻ ዝሓለፈ ናብ ዝለዓለ ትምህርቲ ዕድል ክትረኽቡ ኢኹም” ቅድሚ እዚ ንተምሃሮ ምንጋሩ’ውን ኣብቲ እዋን ንኣስታት12/13 ዓመታ እታ ሃገር ክትሰርሓሉ ንዘጸንሐት ናይ ትምህርቲ ፖሊሲ በቶም ኣብተን ዓመታት’ውን እንተኾነ ከም ካቢኔ ኾይኖም መንበር ጥራይ እንዳተቐያየሩ ዘመሓድሩ ዝነበሩ  ካቢኔ ሚኒስተራት ኤርትራ ብኽነት(wastage) ተባሂሉ ተወጊዙ ኔሩ። ነዚ መለውጦ ክመጽእ ድፍኢት ዝገበረ ብሽም ቁልጡፍ መቐይሮ ስርዓት ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ (Rapid transformation of Eritrean Educational system) ዝተብሃለ ኣብ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ 2002 ዓ/ም ዝቐረበ

መጽናዕታዊ ጽሑፍ’ዩ ኔሩ። ኣብቲ እዋን ኩሎም ዝምለከቶም ኣካላት ዱንጉይ ለውጢ ምዃኑ ካብ ምግላጽ ድሕር ኣይበሉን። ተምሃሮ 12 ክፍሊ ከይተረፉ ብዛዕባ እቲ መጽናዕቲ ብመልክዕ ሰሚናር ክገልጽ ናብ ሳዋ ንዝመጾም ሚኒስተር ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ ዝነበረ ኣቶ ዑስማን ሳልሕ ሓደ ተምሃራይ ብሕቶ መልክዕ ዘቕረበሉ ጽቡቅ ኣብነት’ዩ። ”ካቢኔ ሚኒስትራትን መራኸቢ ብዙሓን ኤርትራ Wastage ዝበልኦ ሚኒስትሪ ወኪልካ ኣብዚ ብምምጻእካ እንታይ ይስምዓካ” ኢሉ ኣኾሪዎ ኔሩ፡ ኣብ ላዕለዋይ ደረጃ ትምህርቲ ቅድሚ እዚ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ ካብ ሃገራዊ መርመራ ንዝተዓወቱ ተምሃሮ እተእንግድ እንኮ ዩኒቨርስቲ ኤርትራ ዝነበረት ዩኒቨርስቲ ኣስመራ ንክትዕጾውን ስርሓ ደው ክተብልን ተፈሪዳ። ኣብ ክንድኣ ካልኦት ሓደሽቲ ኮሌጃት ብቁልጡፍ ተመስሪተን ንሳተን ከኣ፡-

The Eritrean Institute of Technology ከምኡ’ውን ካልኦት 5 ኮሎጃት

The College of Agriculture

The College of Art and Social Science

The College of Business and Economics

The College of Marine and Technology

Orota School of Medicine and College of Health Science

እዘን ትካላት ላዕለዋይ ደረጃ ትምህርቲ‘ውን ኣብ ትሕቲ ወተሃደራዊ ምሕደራ ካብ ወተሃደራዊ መዓስከር ሳዋ ብዝተመረጹ ኮነሬላት ንክመሓደራ ብመርመራ ዘይተመመዩ ተምሃሮ ኣብ ዝሓሸ ዓውደ ትምህርቲ ብሰበይ ሰብካ ተመዲቦም ትምህርቲ ተባሂሉ ክጽዋE ኣጸጋሚ መስርሕ ተጀሚሩ።

ንዝለዓለ ትምህርቲን ንሽሙ ዓውዲ ትምህርቲ መፍለዩ ተባሂሉ ዝወሃብ ምሕላፍ ምትራፍ

ዘይብሉ ሃገራዊ መርመራ መመሊሱ ንታሕቲ ዘንቆልቁል ዝነበረ ውጽኢት ተምሃሮ ኣራጢጡ ባይታ ዘቢጡ እዚ ነቲ ብዘይ መጽናዕቲ ዝተዋህበ ናይ ዓያሹ መብጽዓ ኣብ 2005 ከምዝፈርስ ገበሮ። እቲ ፈተና ከም መሕለፊን መትረፊን መፍለይን እንተኾነ’ውን እቲ ዘስዓቦ ቁስሊ ግን ፈጺሙ ክፍወስ ኣይከኣለን። ኣብ 2008 ን2ይ ደረጃ ዳይረክተራት ኣብ ሳዋ ኣብ ዝተገረ ኣኼባ ናይቲ ዓመት ውጽኢት ብዶክተር ብስራት ሓላፊት ማእከል መርመራ ጸብጻብ ተነቢቡ ኔሩ። ካብ ተሳተፍቲ እቲ መርመራ ልዕሊ 60% ብኩሉ ዓይነት ትምህርቲ F ከምዘምጽኡን ዝምልከቶም ኣካላት ክሓስብሉን ከምዝግባእ ተላቢያ።

 

ኣብዚ ሕጂ እዋን፡-

 

ኣብ ታሕሳስ 2008 ዝወጸ ጽሑፍ ሚ/ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ (Eritrean Overview of Educational Sector) ብደረጃ ሚኒስትሪ’ውን ዝእመነሉ ፍሩያት ድኽመት ግን እቲ ጽሑፍ ብሽም ብድሆታት (Challenges) ዘስፈሮ ክጥቐስ ይከኣል።

ዘይምዕሩየት ትሑት ቐረብ (መሳለጢ ትምህርቲ)

ትሑት ትሕዝቶን ዘይተዛማድነት (ስርዓት ትምህርቲ)

ተሑት ውሽጣዊ ብቕዓት (ውጽኢት ትምህርቲ ተምሃሮ)

ድሩት ምሕደራዊ ብቕዓት (ምሕደራ ትምህርቲ)

እዚ ክማላእ ክጸፍፍን ክጸርይን ዝግብኦ መባእታዊ ግን ከኣ ኣገዳሲ ድኽመታት ብደረጃ

ሚኒስትሪ ብድሆታት ኢልካ ምሕላፍ ንምትዕርራዩ’ውን ተገዳስነትን ድሌትን ከምዘየሎ

ዝሕመረቱ ብምዃኑ ኣብ ዓውዲ ትምህርቲ እጃሞም ዘበርክቱ ዜጋታት ተስፋ ዘቁርጽ’ዩ።

 

ኩነታት ተምሃሮ (ኣብ 2 ደረጃ ዝመሃሩ) ፡-

 

ኣብ ኩለን 2ይ ደረጃ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ (31 ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ኣለዋ) ሓደ ተምሃራይ ትምህርቲ ክምዝገብ ናይ ምምሕዳር ኩፖን ዘለዎ ዋሕስ ሒዙ ክቐርብ ይግደድ። ትምህርቲ እንተቋሪጹ’ውን ንምምሕዳር ከባቢ ብዝተመዝገበላ ኩፖን ቁጽሪ ይሕብር። እታ ኩፖን ህይወት ምልእቲ ስድራቤት‘ያ። ኣብ ሙሉእ ሃገር ወርሓዊ መቁነን (እዘን ተደለይቲ ሃለኽቲ ከም እኽሊ፡ ባኒ፡ ሽኮር፡ ላንባ….) ዝኣመሰላ ብኩፖን ይዕደላ ካብ ዕዳጋ ውን ¼ ክሳብ 1/10 ስለዝሓስር ብዘይ ኩፖን ናብራ ኣጸጋሚ’ዩ። ብኩፖን ዝገዛእካዮ ሒዝካ ዕዳጋ ተማዕድው። ንኣብነት ሓንቲ 5 ዝኣባላት ስድራ ብ0.50 ናቕፋ 3 ባኒ ንመዓልቲ፡ 15 ኪሎ ምሸላ ንወርሒ ንኪሎ ብ10 ናቕፋ፡ 3 ኪሎ ሽኮር ንወርሒ ብ13 ናቕፋ… ትረክብ እዚ ስለዘይኣኽል ብዕዳጋ ይምልኡ። ኣብ ዕዳጋ ባኒ

5 ናቕፋ፡ ማሸላ 33 ናቕፋ፡ ሸኮር 60 ናቕፋ ኣብ ላዕሊ ንዝተጠቕስ መስፈሪ ይዕድጉ።

ኣብ ኤርትራ ካብ ቦታ ቦታ ንክትንቀሳቐስ ኣብ እትነብረሉ ከተማ (ዓዲ) ገዛውቲ ከይተረፈ ብሽም መንቐሳቐሲ ዝፍለጥ ወረቐት ፈቓድ ክህልወካ ኣለዎ። ኣብ ክሊ ዕድመ ትምህርቲ ዝርከቡ መንእሰያት መንቐሳቐሲ ፍቓዶም ታሴራ ቤት ትምህርቲ’ዩ።

ንኣሽቱ ይኹን ዓበይቲ ንግዳዊ ትካል ዘለዎም ስድራ ቤት ፍቃድ ንግዲ ከሓድሱ ምስዝደልዩ ዓመታዊ ግብሪ ምኽፋሎም ኣኻሊ ኣይኮነን። ሃለዋት ደቆም ከካብ ዘለውዎ ትካል ሰራሕተኛታት እንተ ኾይኖም ኣሃዱ ወተሃደራት እንተኾይኖም ካብ ቤ/ትምህርቲ ተምሃሮ እንተኮይኖም ክቕርቡ ይግደዱ እዚ መስርሕ’ውን ዓመታዊ’ዩ። እዚን ካልእን ደፊኡዎምን ኣገዲዱዎም ናብ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ (ብሕልፊ ኣብ ናይ 2ይ ደረጃ ትምህርቲ ዕድመ ክሊ ዝርከቡ) ኣብ ትምህርቶም ዘለዎም ኣጠማምታን ድሌትን ትሑት ኣብ

ርእሲ ምዃኑ ኣብ ትሕቲ ደረጃ ትምህርቲ ዘቋረጹ ወይ’ውን ምስዝተርፉ ዕጭኦም ዊዓ

(ውትህድርና) ስለዝኸውን ሽቁሩራት ከም ሓደ ብሰብ ዝተሰርሓ መሳርሒ (Man Made

Machine) ግበር ዝበልካዮ ዝገብር ኣይትግበር ዝበልካዮ ዘይገብር ንተበላሕነቶም ኮነ ንምህዞ

ዘይግደሱ ውጹዓት ተስፋኦም ጽልመት’ዮም። ብሕልፊ ብዕድመ ዕብይ ዝበሉ ተምሃሮ ኣብ ከባቢ ቤት ትምህርቲ ወተሃደራት ወይ ዓበይቲ ናይ ጽዕነት መካይን ምስዝረኣያ ዝሃድሙ ወይ ክሃደሙ ዝፍትኑ ምርኣይ ልሙድ’ዩ። ዕድል ኣብ ዝረኸቡሉ ሞት ወይ ነዊሕ ማእሰርቲ ክስዕብ ዝኽእል ስግረ ዶብ ንምፍታን ድሕር ኣይብሉን’ዮም። እቶም ውሑዳት ዝርካቦም ብስድርኦም

ብዝግበረሎም ኽንክን ኣብ መባእታ ንፋዓት ዝነበሩ ብዕድመ ምስ በሰሉን ኣብ 2ይ ደረጃ ምስበጽሑ “ደይ ተማሂርና‘ውን ናብ ሳዋ” ዝብል ኣተሓሳሰባ ተገዳስነቶም ከንቆልቁል ይረኣይ። ነቶም ተገዳስነቶም ክዕቕቡ ዝኽኣሉ’ውን ክሳብ ሕጂ ንልዕሊ 7ተ ዓመታት ኣብ 2ይ ደረጃ ኣብ ኩሉ ዓይነት ትምህርቲ መምሃሪ መጻሕፍቲ (Text Book) ኣይተዳለወን ብቕዓት ዓይነት ተገዳስነት መማህራን’ውን ንተምሃሮ ዝስሕብ ኣይኮነን።

 

ኩነታት መማህራን፡-

 

ብሓፈሽኡ ኣብ ኩለን ትካላት መንግስቲ ዝምደቡ ካብ ላዕለዋይ ደረጃ ትምህርቲ ዝተመረቁ መንእሰያት ትሑዝ 3ተ ዓመት ብዘይ ደሞዝ ክሰርሑ ይግደዱ። 1ይ ዓመት ብሽም ዩኒቨርስቲ ሰርቪስ ናይ ጁባ 441 ናቕፋ፡ 2ይ ዓመት ብሽም ንጡፍ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት 145 ናቕፋ፡ 3ይ ዓመት ብሽም ምዱብ ሃገራዊ ግልጋሎት 500 ናቕፋ ነዚ ሕሰም ምስ ወድU’ውን ኣብ 1996 ምጣነ ሸርፊ ዶላር 5.30 ብር ኪሎ ዝወጸ መሳልል ደሞዝ ሰራሕተኛታት መንግስቲ ንኽኣትው 4 ወይ ኣብ መንጎ ምስግጋር ዘጋጥም ልሙድ ጌጋ ወይ ብትሑት ብቕዓት ብልሹውን ምሕደራን ልሙድ ምድንጓይ ብቁማር ተባሂሉ ዝሕለፍ’ዩ። ኣብ ካልኦት ትካላት ብባህርይን ዓይነት ስራሕ ገለ ርህሩሃት ሓለፍቲ ተወሳኺ ኣታዊ ዝረኽቡሉ መገዲ ሃስስ የብሉሎም’ዮም። ኣብ ሞያ መምህርና ግን ኸምዚ ኽግበር ዘይኽእል ብምዃኑ ህዝቢ ከባቢ ክሕግዝን ክዋጽእን ብምምሕዳራት ከባቢ ይሕተት’ዩ። እዚ ግን ናይ ተመጽዋትነት ስምዒት ይፈጥረሎም ከቢድ ናብራ ኤርትራ ንምግጣሙ ናብ ትሑት መዓልታዊ ናይ ጉልበት ስራሕ ዝዋፈሩ ዋላ’ውን ናብ ውትህድርና ክስሓቡ ዝብህጉ መማህራን ኣለው።

ኣብ ኣመዳድባ መምህራን ብዓይነት ትምሀርቲ ምዕሩይ ብዘይምዃኑ ኣብ ዝተመደቡላ ቤት

ትምምህርቲ ኣብ ዘይፈልጥዎን ምስ ትምህርቶም ኣብ ዘይሳነ ዓውዲ ትምህርቲ ዝምደቡሉ

እዋን‘ውን ኣሎ። ውጹኡን ወድዓዊ ናይ ቅያር ፖሊሲ ዘይምህላው ኣብ ፍርቂ ዓመት ወይ‘ውን ኣብ መወዳእታ ዓመት “ሕጂ’ኸ ናበይ ይቕይሩኒ ይኾኑ” ዝብል ሻቅሎት ኣብ ኩሉ መምህር ዝፍጠር’ዩ። ብሕልፊ ናብ ሳዋ ኣብ መወዳእታ ዓመት ካብ ሓንቲ 2ይ ደረጃ ክሳብ ሓሙሽተ መማህራን ክቕየሩ ግድን እዩ።

ናብ ዝለዓለ ትምህርቲ/ስልጠና ንካልኣይ ደረጃ መማህራን ዘይምህላው፡ እንተ ኣሎ’ውን

ንላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ ሕዙኡ ዝኾነ ዕድል ትምህርቲ’ዩ። ኣብዘን ዝሓለፋ ዓመታት ካብ ዝተኻየደ ስልጠና ብደረጃ ማስትሬት ብጣዕሚ ዘገርም ናይ ላንካስተር/ኢንግላንድ ክጥቐስ ይከኣል። እዚ ስልጠና ንሓለፍቲ ዝተዋሃበ ኾይኑ እቶም ተሳተፍቲ ካብ 8ይ ክፍሊ ከይተረፉ ዝኣተውሉ ኩሎም’ውን ቐዳማይ ዲግሪ ዘይብሎ ክኾኑ ከለው እታ ዩኒቨርስቲ’ውን ዝሃበቶም ሰርቲፊኬት Invalid in UK ዝብል ሕታም ጽሑፍ ኣብ ታሕቲ ኣስፊሮምሉ። ድሕሪ እዚ ኣብ ደቡብ ኣፍሪቃ ተጀሚሩ እተን ዩኒቨርስታት መረዳእታ ትምህርቲ ስለዝሓታ ተስፋ ዝህብ’ዩ ኔሩ እንተኾነ ግን ዝተላእኩ መብዛሕትኦም ብዘይምምላሶም ተቋሪጹ።

ኣብዚ ሕጂ እዋን ዝተጀመረ ናይ ተልእኮ ትምህርቲ’ውን ኣሎ። እዚ ንማስትሬት ዝካየድ ዘሎ ትምህርቲ ብሙሉኡ ብሓለፍቲ ዝተታሕዘ’ዩ። ብገንዘብ ህዝብን መንግስትን ንካልኦት ማስትሬት ከይተረፈ ዝመሃሩ ኣለው። ኣብ እዋን ፈተና ወይ ውን እዮ ኩለን ቤ/ጽ ሓለፍቲ ዕውት ምዃነን‘ውን ናይ ስራሕ ሃጓፍ ዝፈጥር ዘሎ’ዩ።

ካብ ኮሌጃት (ማይ ነፍሒ) ወዲኦም ዝመጹ መማህራን‘ውን ኣብ ኮሌጅ ከለው ብወተሃደራዊ ኣተሓሕዛ ስለዝሓልፉ ከም ሲቪል መማህራን ኾይኖም ከዓዩ ይጽገሙ ምስቲ ንኣሽቱ ምዃኖምን ብዘለዎም ፊነንሳዊ ጸገም ብዝሒ ብኩራትን ስነ- ምምህርናዊ በዳላት ይፍጽሙ። ኣብ መንጎ ትምህርቶም ትምህርቲ ከይወድኡ ዝምደቡ ተምሃሮ ኮሌጃት‘ውን ኣብ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ኮነ ኣብ ዕድሚኦም ዝወርድ ዘሎ ክሳራ ማንታ ጎድናዊ ሳዕቤኑን ዘየቕስን ኣደራዕ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኾይኑ ይርከብ። መንግስቲ ኣብ ዝደለዮ እዋን ብዘይጭቡጥን ዘየማትእን ምኽኒት ኮሌጃት ዓጽዩ መኣስ ናብ መኣዲ ትምህርቶም ከም ዝምለሱ ከይነገረ ንመነባብሮ ብዘጸግም ናይ ጁባ ሰልዲ ኣብ ዘይፈልጥዎ ሞያን ባህልን ዝምድቦም ተምሃሮ ብዓቢኡ እዞም መንእሰያት ኣብ መንግስቲ ዘለዎም እምነት ጠቕሊሉ ከምዝጠፍእ ጌሩዎ ይርከብ።

ብካልእ ወገን’ውን ትምህርቲ ከም ዝብድልን ተምሃሮ ከምዝጎድእን ጌርዎም ኣሎ። ንኣብነት ኣብ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ 2008/09 ካብ መኣዲ ትምህርቶም ተጎናዲቦም ብስም ምትዕርራይ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ ኮሌጅ ማይ ነፍሒ ናብ ሚኒስትሪታትን ኣብያተ ትምህርትን ዝተመደቡ ልዕሊ 2ይ ዓመት ተምሃሮ እዚ ኮሌጅ ዘጋጠሞም ክጥቐስ ይከኣል። ብዓቢኡ እቲ ኣብ ዝተላለየ ጊዜን ኩነታትን ዝግበር ምቁራጽ ትምህርቲ ኣብ ዝለዓላ ትካላት ትምህርቲ ይበዝሕ ምህላው ከምኡ’ውን ተሓታቲ ኮነ ኣዋዲ ዘይብሉ ምዃኑ ተምሃሮ ቐሲኖም ውራይ ትምህርቶም ከይገብሩን ብተስፋ ንብቅዓትን ንዝሓሸ ፍልጠት ከይጽዕሩ ዘሰናኽል ኣብ ንኡስ ዕድመ ኣብ ዝለዓለ ጥርዚ ተበላሓትነትን ምስትውዓልን ኣብ ዝበጽሑሉ እዋን ብምዃኑ መንእሰያት ምጽዋሩ ብምስኣን ሓለምትን ጠመትን ከምኡ’ውን ግዳይ ስግረ ዶብ ከም ዝኾኑ ጌሩዎም ኣሎ። እዚ መስፈሪ ዘይርኸቦ በደል ኣብ ልዕሊ ትምህርትን መንእሰያትን ውርጹጻት ብምንታይ ከመኽንይሉ ከምዝኽእሉ ከምኡ’ውን ነቲ ዝረኸቡዎ መኽሰብን ጥቅምን እንታይ ኢሎም ይገልጽዎ ይኾኑ? ዋላስ እንተ ዘይዓሪቡዎም 13 ዓመታት ተጸብዮም እታ ልምድቲ “ብኽነት” ትብል ቃል ከምጽኡ ደሊዮም? ኩነታት መነባብሮ መማህራን‘ውን ነቲ ሞያ ኣዝዩ ከም ዝፍንፈንን ከምዝጽላእ ካብ ዝገበርዎ ረቋሓታት ሓደ’ዩ። ብሓፈሻ ሙሉእ ሃገር ኣብ ሕማቅ መነባብሮ ከምዘሎ ዘይከሓድ ኾይኑ ከም መምህር ግን መነባብሮ ዝደሃኾን ሰይሰይ ዝበለሉን ክፋል ህዝቢ የሎን።

ብሰንኪ ዓቢ ጸገም‘ውን ምስ ስነ-ምግባር መምህርና ዘይሳነ ስራሕ (ሽቅለት) ዝተጸመዱን ዝተዋፈሩን መማህራን ብዙሓት’ዮም (ኣብ ስቱር ቦታ ዝስከሙ ኣብ ወደብ)፡ ኣብ እንዳ ባኒ፡ ኣብ ዓበይቲን ንኣሽቱን ሆቴላት ከም ኣሳሰይቲ (waiter)፡ ኣብ መጓዓዝያ ምድሪ ከም ተቆጻጸርቲን ፎቶሪኖን፡ ገዛ ገዛ ከም ቆናኒት እንዳዞሩ ደቂ ሃብታማት ዝምህሩ… ዝሰርሑን ብዙሓት መማህራን’ዮም። ኣብ ወሰና ወሰን ዶባት ዝተመደቡ’ውን ዝመችኦም ጊዜ ተጸቢዮም ሃገሮም ራሕሪሖም ይሃድሙ ወይ’ውን ጽቡቅ ኣታውን ገንዘብን ክረኽብ ዝኽእል ድለላ ምስጋር መንእሰያት (ስግረ-ዶብ) ይኣትው (እንታይ እሞ ክገብሩ ንምብዳህ ሕማቅ መነባብሮ’ምበር ክብረት መምህርና ጠፊኡዎም ኣይኮነን)።

ኣብዚ ሕጂ እዋን ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ (ብሕልፊ 2ይ ደረጃ) ተምሃሮን መማህራንን

ንመንቐሳቐሲ ወረቐት ክብሉ ዝተዓቁሩለን መጻንሒ) መዕቐሊ ትካላት’ምበር ፍልጠት

ዝሽመተለን መጻኢ ወለዶታት እታ ሃገር ዝኹስኾሱለን ትካላት ካብ ምዃን በቲ ምድንቋር

ወለዶን ምልማስ ስርዓተ ትምህርትን ስርሐይ ኢሉ ዝሓዞ መንግስቲ ተፈሪደን ይርከባ።

ኣብ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ 2008/09 ኣብ 2ይ ደረጃ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ዝምህሩ ልዕሊ 300

መማህራን ስርሖም ኣቋሪጾም። እዚ ድማ ዓመታዊ ብምዃኑ ኣብ ኩለን ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ

ገዳይምን ናይ ስራሕ ተመኩሮ ዘለዎም መማህራን ንዓይነት ከማን ኣብ ዘይርከብሉ ደረጃ

ተበጺሑ ኣሎ። ብሕልፊ ኣብ ዞባታት እታ ብበዝሒ ሙኩራት መማህራን ዝሓሸት ዝነበረት ዞባ ማእከል (ኣስመራ) ሪጋኣ በጺሑ ኣብዘን ዝሓለፈ ክልተ ዓመታት ብመማህራን ዞባ ማእከል “ሱናሚ” ተባሂሉ ዝተጸወዓ ምቅይያር መማህራን ብሕልፊ ናብ ሳዋ ንዝሓለፈ ኩርካሕን ሓርጎጽጎጽን ተጻዊሮም ሰለይ ክብሉ ዝጸንሑ ምኩራትን ዓበይቲ መማህራን ዘኾረየን ነቲ ዝፈትውዎን ዝደኽሙሉ ሞያ ክገድፍዎ ዝደፍኣን ዘቀላጥፋን ፍጻሜ ኔሩ። ካብተን ዘይጠቅማ ደሞዝን ናይ ጁባ ክፍሊት ኣብ ዝተፈላለየ እዋናትን ኩነታትን ዝግበር ውጽኢትን ተቆራጽን ጥጡሕ ሕጊ መነባብሮን ጡረታን ዘይምህላው፡ ኩነታት ስልዒትን ከምኡ’ውን ኣከፋፍላ ኣበል ኣብ ኩለን ሚኒስትሪታት ስሩዑ ዘይምዃን ብሕልፊ ናይ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ትሑት ዘይሚዛናዊ ምዃን ብሰንኪ ብልሽውን ትሑት ብቕዓት ምሕደራ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ እቲ ዝግባኣካ ክፍሊት ብእዋኑ ዘይምርካብ ብርትዓዊ ዋጋ ዝመጽእ ሃለኽቲ ኩለን ሚኒስትሪታት ተጠቐምቲ ክኾና ከለዋ መማህራን ግን (ብጀካ ኣባላት ቤ/ጽ) ምሕሳሞም….. ንመማህራን ዝፈታተኑ ዘለው ኩነታት’ዮም።

ብሽም ርትዓዊ ድኳን ዝፍለጥ ድኳን ሃለኽቲ ካብ ኣስመራ ወጻኢ ኣብ ትሕቲ ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ ጨንፈር ዞባ ወይ ንኡስ ዞባ ይምእከል። ተጠቃሚ ኢቲ ድኳን ክትኸውን‘ውን ምስቲ ጨንፈር ዘለካ ዝምድና ይውስኖ። ናይ ሓንቲ ኣሃዱ ዝምድና ምስዚ ጨንፈር ክድልድል ስሩዑ ሰሙናዊ ኣኼባ ክተካይድ በቲ ጨንፈር ንዝለኣኽ ፖለቲካዊን እዋናዊ ጽሑፋት ብተገዳስነት ክትመያየጥን ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ ዝደልዮ መልስ-ዕንጋለ ክትሰድድን ኣገዳሲ ሓበሬታ ክትሰድድ ወርሓዊ ጸብጻብ እታ ጨንፈር ብእትደልዮ ኣገባብ ኣጸሓሕፋን መንፈስን ጌርካ ክትሰድድ ማእቶታዊ መዳባት ኣብ ጊዜ ዕረፍቲ ኣባላትካ ክተካይድ …ካብ ዝሕተታ ረቋሕታት’የን። እዘን ዝተጠቀሳ ብዘለዎም ተደራራቢ ስራሕን ዋሕዲ ጊዜን ድሌት’ውን ዘይብሎም እቲ ምምስሳል’ውን ፍጊዕ ስለዝበሎም ክኸውን ይኽእል ብመምህርና ዘይትግበራ ኣብ ርኣሲ ምዃነን ጨናፍር ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ ዘለዎም ኣጠማምታ ምሁራን’ውን ኣብ ትሑታዊ ቅልውላው (Inferiority Complex) ዝተመስረተ ብምዃኑ ጨናፍር ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍን መማህራንን ሓመድን ዓይንን ኾይነን ኣለዋ።

ሱፐር ቫይዘራት ኣብ ምኽያድ ጥጡሕን ስሩዑን ስርዓተ ትምህርቲ ከበርክትዎ ዝኽእሉ ሞያዊን ምሕደራዊ ሓገዝ ንኣብያተ ትምህርትን መማህራንን ሸለል ዝተባህለን ዝተረስዓን ይመስል። ን2ይ ደረጃ ዝምደቡ ሱፐር ቫይዘራት ዘለዎም ብቕዓት ተቐባልነት ብመማህራን ትሑት’ዩ። ኢቲ መስርሕ ሱፐርቪዥን ኣብ ክንዲ ደገፍ ዝህብ ኣብ መጥቃዕቲን ተወራዛይንትን ዝተመርኮሰ ብምዃኑ ብዙሓት መማህራን ብሱፐርቪዥን ሕጉሳት ኣይኮኑን። ኣብ ዞባታት ብዘሎ ዋሕዲ ሱፐርቫይዘራት ጸገም መጓዓዝያ ተወሲኹዎ የሎን ኣብ ዝበሃለሉ ደረጃ በጺሑ ይርከብ። ካብ ዝሓለፈ ኣርባዕተ ዓመታት ኣትሒዙ ኩለን መካይን መንግስቲ ምስ መራሕተን (ኣውቲስትኣን) ናብ ጋራጅ መንግስቲ ዝበሃል ትካል መንግስቲ ተጠርኒፈን ብምህላወን ሓንቲ ሚኒስትሪ ወይ ኣብ ዞባታት እትርከብ ጨንፈር ንስራሕ መኪና ምስትደልይ ብመልከዕ ክራይ ናብዘን ትካላት’ያ እትጥቀም ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ‘ውን ከምተን ካልኦት ሚኒስትሪታት ደሞዝ ሰራሕተኛታት

(መማህራን)፡ ሱፐርቪዥን፡ ዑደት (ምብጻሕ) ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ፡ ቀረብ መሳለጥያን ንዋት

ትምህርቲ…. ዝኣመሰላ ስራሕ ተካርያ ክተሳልጥ ትፍትን መንግስቲ ነዚ ነዳዲን መቐያየሪ

ኣቁሑት መካይን ንምቁጣብ መስርሕ “ካብ የማናይ ጁባ ኣውጺእካ ናብ ጸጋማይ ጁባ ምእታው” ካብ ዝእወጅ ምስቲ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ፋሕ ምባለን ንሚኒስተሪ ትምህርቲ ስርሑ ከምዝቑጥብ ጌርዎ ይርከብ። ብሰንኪ እዚ’ውን ሱፐርቪዥናዊ ስራሕ ኣብ ዓመት ወይ ኣብ ስሚስተር ሓንሳብ ንኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ከምዝብጻሕ ተጌሩ ኣብታ ሓንቲ ምብጻሕ’ውን መማህራን ተካሪዮም ይምለሱ።

 

ኩነታት ወለዲ (ህዝቢ– Community) ኣብ ትምህርቲ ዘለዎም ኣጠማምታን፡-

 

ብመሰረት ጽሑፋዊ ፖሊሲ ሚኒስተሪ ትምህርቲ ሃገረ ኤርትራ ንዝኾነት ቤት ትምህርቲ ዝለዓለ ኣመሓዳሪኣ ካብ ወላዲ፡ መማህራንን ተምሃሮን እትቐውም ብስም PTA (PTSA) እትጽዋዕ ማሕበር ይኸውን። ብዝሒ ኣባላት እዛ ማሕበር ብደረጃ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ይውሰን። ዝኾነ ሓላፊ ቤት ትምህርቲ’ውን ነዛ ማሕበር ከቅውምን ከደልድልን ከም ቐዳማይ ስርሑ ብምውሳድ ይጽዕር እንተኮነ ግን እዘን ማሕበራት ብጀካ ኣብ ናይ ግሊ/ብሕቲ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ኣብ ካልኦት ህዝቢ ጸማም እዝኒ ሂብዎ ይርከብ ወለዲ ብኩነታት ትምህርቲ ዘይዕጉባት ምዃኖም ዓቢ መርኣያ’ዩ።

ውጽኢት ደቆም ኮነ ኩነታት ትምህርቲ ወለዲ ንምዕዛብ ናብ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ምኻድ ተሪፉ ብፍሉይ ኣጋጣሚታት ጥራይ’ዮም ወለዲ ናብ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ዝበጽሑ ካብዘን ፍሉያት ኣጋጣሚታት ክጥቀሳ ዝግባኣን ኣብ ሙሉእ ሃገር መስርዕን ቅጥዕን ዘይብሉ ግፋ ልሙድ ተርእዩ’ዩ። በዚ ህዝቢ ግፋ ዝብል ስም ዝጽውዑ ግፍዒ ተምሃሮ ምስ ድቪዝኦምን ጥራዞምን፡ ሰራሕተኛታት መንግስቲ ምስ መረጋገጺ ወረቀት ህላወ ኣብ ስራሕ፡ ወተሃራት ምስ መንቐሳቐሲ ወረቐቶምን ፍቓዶምን ዝግፈፍሉን ዝቅየዱሉን እዋናት ኣሎ። ኣብ ከምዚ እዋን ተምሃሮ ደቆም ዝተታሕዙዎም ወለዲ መረጋገጺ ንምርካብ ናብ ደቆም ዝመሃርሉ ቤ/ትምህርቲ ክቐርቡ ስለዘለዎም ናብ ቤ/ትምህርቲ ክኸዱ ይግደዱ። 7

ትካል ዘለዎም ወለዲ ፍቓድ ንግዲ ከሓድሱ ምስ ዝደልዩ ኣብ ዕድመ ክሊ ትምህርቲ ናይ

ዝርከቡ ደቆም ኣብ ትምህርትን ሃገርን ምህላው መረጋገጺ ካብ ቤ/ትምህርቲ ከምጽእ ኣለዎም።

ሓደ ናይ ቅድም ተምሃራይ ዝነበረ ናይ ቀደም ዝተመሃረሉ መረዳእታ ብኣካል ኮነ ብወኪል ክወስድ ምስ ዝደልይ ነዚ ናይ ውልቁ ሃብቲ ዝኾነ መረዳእታ ወረቀት ክረክብ ኣብ ድሌት ካልኦት ሰባት’ዩ ዝውሰን። ካብ ሃገር ወጻኢ ዝነበር እንድሕር ኾይኑ ካብቲ ዝነብረሉ ሃገር ካብ ዝምልከቶ ኣካል 2% ከምዝከፍል፡ ኣብ ሃገር ውሽጢ ንዘለው ዝሰርሕሉ ትካል ወይ ኣሃዱ ንኽወስዱ ከምዝፍቀደ ዝገልጽ ደብዳበ ኣብ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ዘይተሳተፉ ምስ ዝኾኑ መረዳእታ መክኒት ክቅርቡ ይግባእ እዚ’ውን ቤ/ትምህርቲ ዝነበረት ከይኮነት ቤ/ጽ ዞባ ትውስኖ።

 

ኣርእስቲ፡ ገምጋም ሰራሕ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ 2008/09

ቦታ ኣኼባ፡ ቤት ምኽሪ ንግዲ (ኣዳራሽ) ኣስመራ፡-

 

ተሳተፍቲ፡ ልዕሊ 150 ተሳተፍቲ ካብ ኩለን ዞባታት ብውሑዱ 15 ሰባት ሓለፍቲ ጨንፈር

ዞባ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ፡ ሓለፍቲ ጨንፈር ንኡስ ዞባ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ፡ ሱፐርቫይዘራት፡ ናይ ዓበይቲ 2ይ ደረጃ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ዳይሪክተራት፡ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ሃገረ ኤርትራ ዳይሪክተር ጀነራላት 5ተ ክፍልታት ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ፡ ኩሎም ላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ከምኡ’ውን ሓለፍቲ ህዝባዊ ርክባት ዞባዊ ምምሕደራት ተረኺቦም። እዚ ኣብ ወርሒ ነሓሰ 14 ክሳብ 17 ዓመተ 2009 ዝተካየደ ኣኼባ ኣነውን ተሳቲፈዮ ኔረ። ኣብዚ ኣኼባ ዝነበረ ኩሉ ፍጻሜታት ብመስርዕ ኩለን ዝተልዓለ ነጥብታት ብደቂቅ ከቕርብ እንተተጸገምኩ’ኳ ነተን ኣገረምቲ ዝነበራ ግን ብተርምሞ ኣብ ሓንጎለይ ከስፍረን ተገዲደ።

ብቐንዱ ኣብ ከምዚ ኣኼባ ንከይትግደስ ዝገብር ኩነታት ኣሎ እግረ መገደይ ንሳቶም’ውን ክገልጾም።

በቲ ዝግበር ኣኼባ ዝጸድቕን ዝረቕቕን መደብ ዘይምህላው፡ ንውዱእ ጉዳያት ምዕዛብ ስለዝኾነ ዓመት ዓመት ዝደጋገምን ዘይዕረን ጸገማት ምስማዕ ስለዘሰልችው ንሓደ ፍታሕ ዘድልዮ ጉዳይ ሚነስተር ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ከይተረፈ ክምልስ ይጽገም ስለትሪኦ ከምሓንጻጽን ኣጽዳቕን ናይ ትምህርቲ ፖሊሲ ኢልካ ትሓስቦ ሰብ “ደሓን ንመንግስቲ ሪፖርት ክንገብር ኢና”፡ “ነዚ ጉዳይ ንዝምልከት ንላዕለዋይ ኣካል ክንሓትት…” ዝብል መልሲ ይህብ።

ኩሉ ተሳታፊ ንኣበልን ሓለፈቲ እንተልዮም’ውን ቁርስን ምሳሕን ስለዝህልው ነዚኤን ጥቕምታት ክብል ኣብ ቦታ ኣኼባ ይርከብ። እዚ ኣብ ኩለን ሚኒስትሪታት ዘሎን ዘሕስብን ዘስደምምን ግን ከኣ እንዳተለምደ ዝመጸ ባህሊ ብምዃኑ ዋላ ካቢኔ ሚኒስተራት’ውን ንኣበል ክብሉ ዝርከቡ’ዩ ዝመስለና።

ዓውደ ዘተ (Work shop) “ወርቂ ጨብ” ዝብል ስም ብተዋዘይቲ ተጠሚቐን ንሓደ ዓውደ ዘተ ካብ ዘቕርብ ሰብ ንላዕሊ ዝፈልጡን፡ ነቲ ዓውደ ዘተ መሃሪ ፍረ ዘለዎን ጠቓምን ክገብሩ ዝኽእሉ ፈላጣትን ክኢላታት እንከለው ብዘረባ ክእለት ወይ’ውን ብጥቕምን ዝምድናን ምስ ሓለፍቲ ርክብ ዘለዎም መደናገርቲ ነገር ክሓማትሉ ዝሓልፍን ዝጠፍኣን ግዜን ገንዘብን የሕዝን። ንክሳተፉ ዝለኣኹ’ውን ካብቲ ዓውደ ዘተ ተማሂሮም ኣብ ግብሪ ዘውዕሉ ወይ ነቲ ዓውደ ዘተ ብሓሳብ ዘህብትሙ ከይኾኑ ጽጉማት ሰለዝኾኑ ሓለፍቶም ስለዝፈትዎም ንኽጥቐሙ (ብገንዘብ) ተባሂሎም ይሳተፉ። ናብቲ ኣኼባ ክምለስ፡ እቲ ኣኼባ ብሚኒስተር ሚንስትሪ ትምህርቲ ኣቶ ሰመረ ርእሶም ተኸፊቱ ናብ ጸብጻብ ምስማዕ ኣትዩ።

ዳይረክተር ጀነራል ክፍለ ሞያዊ ስልጠና (TVET Technical & Vocational Education and Training) እቲ ጸብጻብ ኣብ ክልተ ዝተገምዔ ኔሩ። (ኣብ ሳዋ ዝርከብ ማእከል ሞያዊ ስልጠና ኤርትራ ኣብ ካልእ ቦታታት ዘለዎ ቤት ትምህርቲ ስነ-ኪነት) ንሳዋ ወኪሉ ዘቕርብ ዝነበረ ሰብ ሽሙ ዘይሓዝኩዎ ክጅምር ከሎ ንሳዋ ከም ሓንቲ ዞባ ክትሕሰብ ብበዝሒ ተምሃሮ ከምትዕብልል ብከምኡ’ውን ነታ ቤ/ትምህርቲ ዘለዋ ዓበይቲ ሽግራት ንምፍታሕን ዝገበሮ ጻዕሪ ኣቕሪቡ። ነቲ ኣካዳሚያዊ/ሞያዊ ክፋል ባዕሎም ከምዘማሓድርዎ፡ ኣብ መነባብሮ ተምሃሮን መማህራንን ቁጠባዊ መዳያትን ግን ኮ/ል ኣብርሃም መድህን (ወዲ መድህን) ከምዘመሓድሮ፡ ንመነባብሮን ቁጠባን ካብኡ ሓሊፉ’ውን ሞያዊ ስልጠና ሓለፍቲ መዓስከር ኢዶም ከምዘእትውን፡ ብሓጺሩ ኣገላልጻ “ብቋንቋ እቶም ኮነሬላት ክንዛረብ ንጽገም ኣለና” ኢሉ። ኣስዒቡ’ውን እቲ ካሪክለምን መስርሕን’ውን ንስራሕ ብቁዓት ዝኾኑ ተምሃሮ የፍርይ ከምዘየለ፡ ዋሕዲ መሳርሒ ዓቕሊ ዘጽበበሎም ምኳኑ፡ እቲ ሕሱር መሳርሒ ዝበሃል ንኣብነት መጋዝ ዕንጨይቲ ከማን ሓንቲ ንሸውዓተ ተምሃሮ ከምትበጽሕ፡ ኣብ ዓበይትን ናይ ሕርሻ ማሽነሪ ሰልጢኖም ኢሎም ዘመረቕዎም ተምሃሮ ብሰንኪ ነዳዲ ዘይምህላው ተንቐሳቐሲት ማሽን ተንኪፎም ዘይፈልጡ ከምዝኾኑን… ካልእን ዘርዚሩ። ኣብ መማህራን’ውን ብቕዓት ከምዘየሎ ቅድሚ ሕጂ ኣብኡ ዝወድኡ ከምዝተመደቡ፡ (ብናቱ ኣገላልጻ “12 ዝወድኡ ን12 ክፍሊ ይምህሩ

ኣለው” ኢሉ)። ብሓቂ ንብዙሓት ጸባ ኣስቲዩና። ናቱ ጸብጻብ ምስተወድኤ ዓበይቲ ሓለፍቲ ግን ተኸኽ ከምዝበሉ ኣየጠራጥርን። ኣብ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ 3ይ ዓመቶም ዝገበሩ ኣቶ ሰመረ ርእሶም ክሳብ ሕጂ ንነብሶም ሓዱሽ ስለዝቆጽርዋ ኣብ ዝኾነ ግዜ ንዕኦም ዝውክል ብሓራቕ መልሱን ብተሪር ዘረብኡን ዝፍለጥ ኣቶ ጴጥሮስ ሃ/ማርያም ዳይሪክተር ጀነራል ክፍሊ መጽናዕትን ምምዕባል ዓቕሚ ሰብ (Research & Human Resource Development) እዩ። ኣብ ማእከል ዘረባ’ውን ከዕጠይጥይ ጸኒሑ ምስተወድኤ’ውን ማይክራፎን ከይተጸበየ’ዩ ጀሚሩ። ጥቃ ሚኒስተር ኣብ ቅድሚት’ዩ ኮፍ ኢሉ። ካብ ተዓዘብቲ ኣብ ኣኼባታት ከም ተቓውሞ ዝተለምደ ሓደ ሰብ ቕጭ ዘምጽእ ወይ ድምጺ መንግስቲ ክፍተው ክዛረብ እንተጀሚሩ ኣብ ውሽጢ ኣዳራሽ ዘሎ ሰብ ተሳታፊ ነንሕድሕዱ ሚስ ኮል (missed Call) ይጅምር።

ኣቶ ጴጥሮስ’ውን ክቓወም ምስጀመረ ሞባይላት ከም ኣመለን ክርብሻ ጀሚረን። ማይክራፎን Wireless ብምኳኑ ክንሰምዕ ኣይንክእልን ኣትሪሩ ግን “ንስራሕ ድልዋት ዘይኾኑ ተምሃሮ ኢና ነመርቕ ዘለና” እትብል ዘረባ ረጊጹ ሓውሲ ምፍርራሕ ዘለዎ ዘይምስምማዕ ኣስሚዑ። ቐጺሉ’ውን “ሕጂ ብዝሒ (Quantity) ዝጠመተ ንቐጻሊ ግን ብቕዓት (Quality) ዝጠመተ ስራሕ ክንሰርሕ ይግባእ” ኢሉ።

ብካሊእ ወገን’ውን ኣብ ሳዋ ኣካዳሚያዊ ትምህርቲ (ን12 ክፍሊ) ዳይሪክተር ኣቶ ክፍላይ ፍርሒ ዝተሓወሶ ደገፍ ንኣቕራቢ ጸብጻብ ሂቡ። ኣብ ምሕደራ ቤ/ትምህርቶም ሳዋ ወታሃደራዊ ምትእትታው ከምዘሎ ግን ይመሓየሽ ከምዘሎ ገሊጹ። ኣቶ ክፍላይ ብዙሕ ጊዜ ድፍር ኢሉ ብዘቕርቦ ኣብ ሓቂ ዝተመርኮሰ ጸብጻብ’ዩ ዝፈልጦ ኔረ ማለት

ቅድሚ ዓመት ኣቢሉ ኣብ ሳዋ ዝተገበረ ናይ 2ይ ደረጃ ዳይሪክተራት ኣኼባ መመረቕታ’ውን ስለዝነበረ ዳርጋ ኩሎም ካቢኔታት ኣብ መኽፈቲ’ውን ፕረዚደንት ሃገረ ኤርትራ ኔሮም “ክሳብ ሕጂ እዛ ስዓት 67 መማህራን ንሱዳን ከይዶም፡ ተምሃሮ’ውን ብዙሓት ካብ ሳዋ ይጠፍኡ ኣለው” ኢሉ ተዛረቡ ድሕሪ ሳልስቲ’ውን “ቅድሚ ትማሊ ክሳብ እዛ ስዓት 67 ዝበልኩ ሎሚ 71 በጺሖም” ኣIሉ ከምኡ ሓቃዊ ጸብጻብ ሰለዘይለመድና ኣድኒቐዮ ኔረ።

ኣብ ጸብጻብ ካልኦት ሞያውያን ኣሰልጠንቲ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ’ውን እተን ሽግራት ብወኪለን ቐሪቡ። ድሕሪ ምቕያር ኣቶ ዑስማን ሳልሕ ኣብ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ዝተቐልቐለ ሓዱሽ ነገር ሽግራት ብዘይሽፍንፍን ምቕራብ’ዩ። “ምስ ኩለን ሃገራት ስለዝተበኣሰና ስራሕ ኣብ ዘይብሉ መዲቡዎ ሰብኣይ ቦታ ረኪብሉ” እዩ ተባሂሉ ኣቶ ዑስማን ሳልሕ ሕመቃቱን ወጻኢ ጉዳይ ሚኒስተር ምስኮነ ብተዋዘይቲ ዝተዋህቦ ገምጋም።

ኣብ ሞያዊ ስልጠና ሳዋ ዝምደቡ ተምሃሮ እቶም ኣብ 12 ክፍሊ ማትሪክ ንሰርቲፊኬት ነጥቢ ዘምጽኡ’ዮም። ኣብ ሳዋ 12 ክፍሊ ዝተምሃሩ ድሕሪ ማትሪክ ወርሒ ዓሪፎም ነጥቢ ምስወጸ ንዲግሪን ዲፕሎማን ናብ ኮሌጃት ዝተረፉ ናብ ሰራዊት፡ ሰርቲፊኬት ዘምጽኡ መሰልጠኒ መማህራን፡ ኣጋር ሓኪም፡ ኮሌጅ ሕርሻ፡ ይምደቡ። ኣብ ሞያ ዝምደቡ ግን እታ ዓመት ኣብ ሳዋ ስለዝመሃርዋ ጌሮም ዝጸልእዋ። ብዝኾነ ፈትዮም ጸሊኦም ይጸንሑ ቅድሚ 2ተ ዓመት ኣኺሉ ካብቲ ቦታ ምውጽኦም ኣብ ሳዋ ኮይኖም ብድፍረት ንሱዳን መውጽእን መእተውን ኣጽኒዖም ንሱዳን የንቆልቁሉ።

ኣብዚ ሕጂ እዋን ሳዋ ኣፍደገ ሱዳን ዝብል ሽም ተዋሂባ ቅድም 11 ክፍሊ ዝወድኡ ናብ ሳዋ ክነብጽሕ ክንእዘዝ ከለና ተምሃሮ ከይተርፉና ኢና ንቆጻጸር ኔርና። ኣብዘን

ዝሓለፋ ሰለስተ ዓመት ግን ምስ ተምሃሮ ተሓዋዊሶም ንሳዋ ዝወርዱ ካብ ታሕተዎት ደረጃ ትምህርቲ ወይ ዘይመሃሩ መንእሰያት ኣስገርትን ሰገርትን ተሓዊሶም ስለዝወርዱ ስቕያት’ዩ ኾይኑ። ኣብ ሎሚ ዓመት’ውን እቲ መዓስከር ከይተረፈ ፈሊጥዎ ኣብ ከባቢ 60 ኪ/ሜትር ዝጅምር ብርቱዕ ቁጽጽር ተካይዱ። ኣብ ጥሪ ካብ ሳዋ ዝለኣኽ ኣስማት 11 ክፍሊ ተምሃሮ ሒዞም’ዮም ኣብ ነሓሰ ንዝመጹ ተምሃሮ ተጸብዮምዎም ከም ውጽኢት’ውን ብዙሓት መንእሰያት’ዮም ተረኪቦም።

ኣብ ጸብጻብ ዳይሪክተር ጀነራል ንዓበይትን መራኸቢታትን (Adult Education & Media

Department) ሽሙ ኣይተሓዘለይን’ዩ ግን “ኣቻ” ትብል ሳጓ ኣላቶ ካብዚ ክፍሊ ጸብጻብ ኣይተጸበናን ምኽንያቱ ዘይተቓልሐ “ሬድዮ ባና” እንኮ ናይ ትምህርቲ ሬድዮ ኣብታ ሃገር ሓደ ረፍዲ ብታንክታትን ሰራዊትን ተኸቢባ ኣብኡ ዝጸንሐ ኩሉ’ዩ ተቐይዱ ኔሩ። ዓመት ይገብር ዋና እቲ ዳይሪክተር ጀነራል’ውን ተኣሲሩ ጸኒሑ ደሓር’ዩ ተፈቲሑ ክሳብ ሎሚ’ውን ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ሬድዮ ትምህርቲ ተቋሪጹ’ዩ ዘሎ። ምሸታዊ ትምህርቲ’ውን ኣብ ኣስመራ ካብ 5ተ ዘይበልጻ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ’የን ዘለዋ። ዕድመ ንእስነቶም ኣብ ገድሊ ዝሓለፎም ተጋደልቲ ብሰንኪ ዝተፈላለየ ጸገም ትምህርቲ ዘቋረጹ/ጻ ዓበይቲ ኩሉ ናይ ትምህርቲ ጽምእ ዘለዎ ኤርትራዊ እንዳሰርሐ ንኸይመሃር መንግስቲ በታ ግፋ ዝብላ ግፍዒ ኣሰናቢዱ ደው ከምትብል ካብ ዝገብር 6ተ/7ተ ዓመት ተቆጺሩ።

ብኣቶ ሙሳ ናይብ ጀነራል ዳይሪክተር ክፍሊ ሓፈሻዊ ትምህርቲ (General Education

Department) እቲ ቀንድን ሕመረት ትምህርቲ ዝቆጻጸር ኣካል ብምዃኑ ብዙሕ ዘይተዓመ

ስራሕ ቀንዲ ተወቃሲ ስርዓተ ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ ዝኾነ ኣካል/ክፍሊ መጀመርያ መድረኽ

ተዋህቡ ብዕሙቆት ክትንትን ትጽቢት ኩላትና ኔሩ። መራሒ መድረኽ ግን ንምቕራብ 30 ደቂቅ ንሕቶ፡ ሪኢቶ መልሲ ርብዕIኢ ስዓት ኢሉ ዝዓገቶ ጸብጻብ ሰሚዕና። ኣቶ ሙሳ’ውን ዋዛ ኣይኮነን ካብ ኩሎም ዝሓሸ ሰብ ኣብ ኣዘራርባ’ውን ናይ ምእማን ክእለቱ ክውደስ ዝግብኦ’ዩ፡ በዚ ብክእለቱን ዝተዋሃቦ ሓጺር ጊዜ ተጠቂሙ ነቲ ክነጉድ ዝኽእል ሕቶታት ባዕሉ እንዳተንከፈ ተገላጊሉ። ን7ተ ዓመት መመላእታ ብዘይ መምሃሪ መጻሕፍቲ ዝመሃሩ ዘለው ተምሃሮ ኤርትራ ዘለዎም ጸገም ቀሊል ከምዘይኮነ ኣብ ገለ ደረጃ ትምህርትን ዓይነት ትምህርቲ ዓማ መጻሕፍቲ ንፈተነ ተሓቲሙ ከምዝተዘርገሐ እቲ ካልE’ውን ንሕትመት ከምዝኣተወ ኣሕተምቲ ዘማርሩሉ

ክብሪ ወረቐትን ሕትመትን ተገሊጹ። ኣብ ተምሃራይ ዘማእከለ ኣገባብ ኣመሃህራ ዘሎ ዓቢ ሃጓፍ፡ ንዋት ትምህርቲ ኣብ ምዝርጋሕን ኣብ ግቡእ ቦታ ምብጻሕ ቀንዲ ተሓታቲ ዞባታት ምዃነን (ኣብዚ ዘስሕቕ ፈጻሜታት ከይተረፈ ተገሊጹ፡ ኣብ መባእታ ደረጃ ዝርከቡ ተምሃሮ ብኣዶ ቋንቋ’ዮም ዝመሃሩ። ኣብ መባእታ ከይተረፈ መምሃሪ መጻሕፍቲ ኣብዘን ክልተ ዓመት’ዩ ክዝርጋሕ ጀሚሩ። ኣብ ዝርግሐ መጻሕፍቲ ናይ ሓደ ብሄር መጻሕፍቲ ብጌጋ ናብ ካልእ ቦታ ከይዱስ ተመሊሱ ክሳብ ቦትኡ ዝበጽሕ ዓመት ዝገበረሉ ኩነታት ኔሩ) ኣብ ኣገማግማ ተምሃሮ ዘሎ ጸገምን ሓዱሽ ኣገማግማ ስርዓት ከምዝተሓንጸጸን ክተኣታተው ምዃኑን፡ እዚ ኣብ መወዳእታ ጊዜ ተዋህብዎ ብሓደ ገዲም ናይ ቁጽሪ መምህር ዝነበረ ኣብ ዓይነት ትምህርቲ ቁጽሪ ኣብ ጊዜ ደርጊ ከይተረፈ ዓቢ ኣበርክቶ ዝነበሮ ሕጂ ግን ኣብ ክፍሊ ግምገማ ዝሰርሕ ዘሎ ኣቶ ዳዊት ኣብርሃ ቐሪቡ። ዓቢ ስራሕ ግን ክትሓስቦን ክትሕንጽጾን መማህራንካን ዓይነቶምን ምፍላጥ ኣብ ግምት ምእታው ዝጎደሎ ስራሕ/ሕንጻጽ ኔሩ።

ጸገም ምዕሩይ ዝርገሐ ትምህርቲ (ካብተን ኣብ ሃገር ሙሉእ ዘለዋ 2ይ ደረጃ ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ቤተ ፈተነ ዘለዎን ብቁዕ ዝበሃል ኣርባዕተ ምዃነን ኤሌክትሪክ ኣብ ዘይብሉ ቦታታት ዘለዋ 2ይ ደረጃ ቤ/ትምህርትታት ዘለወን ጸገምን) መማህራን ዘይተማልኣለን ቤት ትምህርትታት ምዃነን። እቲ ሽግራት ብኣቅራቢ ጸብጻብ ስለዝቐረበ’ውን በዳህቲ ሕቶታት ኣይተላዕለን።

ብኣቶ ጴጥሮስ ሃይለማርያም ደይሪክተር ጀነራል ክፍሊ መጽናኦትን ምምዕባል ዓቅሚ ሰብን ብዙሕ ስሓቢ ዘይኮነ ጸብጻብ ቀሪቡ። ምጅማር ተልእኾ ትምህርትን ቀጻልነቱን ዝሕመረቱ ዘጉህይን ዘሕዝንን ረቋሒ ንንድል ትምህርቲ ይወሃቡ ኣባለት’ውን ተገሊጹ።

ብኣቶ ገብረሃንስ ዳይሪክተር ጀነራል ክፍሊ ምምሕዳርን ፋይናንስን እዚ ክፍሊ ብዘለዎ ተነቃፊ ስራሕ ልዕሊ ዝኾነት ክፍሊ ጥማራትን ከክንዲግዛዕ ዝኾኑ ጸገማት ዝተሰኸመ’ዩ።

ንኣቐራርብኡ’ውን ሕፍረት ዘሰኸመ ኔሩ። ኣቶ ገብረሃንስ ብዙሕ ኣሃዛት ብሽም ወጻኢን ባጀትን ሃሊሉ። ኣብ ሱዳን ብሽም ቤ/ትምህርቲ ሰውራ ንዝፍለጣ ትካላት ትምህርቲ ልዕሊ ሓደ ሚልዮን ናቕፋ ብሽም ሓደ ሸኽ ይለኣኽ ከምዝነበረ፡ እዚ ሸኽ ኣብ ዝሓለፉ ሰለስተ ዓመታት ንህይወቱ ዘስግእ ብምዃኑ ናብ ኤርትራ ስለዝኣተወ እቲ ወጻኢ ዝግበር ሰልዲ እቶም ሸኽ ናብ ከሰላ ከይዶም ንሓደ መንግስቲ ዘይፈልጦ ሰብ ከምዝህብዎ እቲ ሰብ ነተን ቤ/ትምህርታት ከምዘብጽሕ ገሊጹ። እንተኾነ ግን ምእኩል ስለዘይኾነ ንምቁጽጻር ከምዝጽገሙን ሕጂ ብዝበጽሖም ሓበሬታ መሰረት ነተን ኣብያተ ትምህርቲ ተቓወምቲ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ዝኾኑ ጉጅለታት ከምዝንቀሳቀሰለንን ከምዝጥቀምለንን ንሳቶም’ውን ብሓላፍነት (ብሕልፊ ኣቶ ገብረሃንስ) ከምዘይሕተቱ መስሓቂ ዝኾነ ዘረባ ደርጉሑ ክቕጽል ኣይኸኣለን። ኩሉ ተሳታፊ ብተገርሞ ሆ ኢሉ ምዝራብ ከልኦ “ኣምባሳደር ዘለዋ ሃገር፡ ማሕበረ ኮማት ዘለውዎ ቦታ ብሓደ ሸኽ… ውልቀ ሰብ እንታይ ተስምዓና ኣለካ?” ዝብል ቀረበ። ጫውጫው ምስ በዝሐ ዋላ ሓንቲ ቃል ከይተዛረበ ዝወዓለ ሚኒስተር ኣቶ ሰመረ ርእሶም ንጽር ኢሉ ዓው ብዝበለ ድምጺ “ዝምልከተና ኩላትና የሕትተና’ዩ መጽናዕቲ’ውን ክንገብር ኢና” ኢሉ መዕረፊ ገበረሉ። ብዛዕባ ውዱእ መምርሒ ጥሮታ ብዘይምህውላን ኣብ ዘልዓሎ ነጥቢ’ውን ካልእ ውርደት ነበረ።

ብእርጋንን ብሕማምን ኣብ ምዱብ ስርሖም ክነጥፉ ዘይክኣሉ ልዕሊ 700 ኣባላት ሚኒስትሪ

ትምህርቲ ብዘይ ስራሕ ብኾፎም ካብ ዓመት ንላዕሊ ደሞዝ ከምተኸፈሎምን ከምኡ ዓይነት ጸገም ዘለዎም ይውስኩ ከምዘለው ገሊጹ። እዚ’ውን ኣብ መወዳእታ ሕቶታት ዘልዓለ’ዩ ኔሩ።

ብመሰረት ኣዋጅ ሕጊ መልዕሎን ጥሮታን ኩሉ ኣብ ሃገር ዘሎ ሰራሕተኛ መንግስቲ ካብ ወርሓዊ ደመዎዙ ዝቁረጾ እንተኾነ’ውን ኣብ መስርሕ ግን ብዛዕባ’ቲ ዝኸፈሎ መሰል ጥሮታ ጌና ኣይተተግበረን። ብሕልፊ ኣብ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ኣብቲ ኣኼባ’ውን ተላዒሉ ኔሩ ክሳብ ናይ ኣቶ ሃይለ መብራህቱ ጉዳይ ካብቶም ዓበይቲ ገዳይም ተጋደልቲ ሓደ ዝነበረን ኣብ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ’ውን ኣብ ዝተፈላለየ ጽፍሒ ነቲ ሚኒስትሪ ዘገልገለ ኣብ 2008 ብሓደጋ መኪና ዝሞተ ሓለፊ ጨንፈር ትምህርቲ ዞባ ዓንሰባ ክሳብ’ቲ ኣኼባ ዝተገበረሉ እዋን ወርሒ ነሓሰ 2009 ንልዕሊ 8 ወርሒ ሙሉእ ንስድራ ቤቱ ዋላ ሓንቲ ደገፍ ከምዘይረኸቡ ሓደ ፈላጢኡ ኣልዒሉ።

ካልኦት’ውን ንኣብነት ኣብ ዞባ ሰ/ቀ/ባሕሪ ኣብ ሰራሕ ከለው መብዛሕትኡ ግዜ ብፍላይ ደመዎዝ ከፈልቲ ብተቓወምቲ ጉጅለ ጀሃድ ሓደጋ ወሪድዎም ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ግዜ ኣብ 11 ዓመት 10 መራሕቲ መኪና ኣባላት እዚ ሚኒስትሪ ተቐቲሎም’ዮም። ይኹን’ምበር ክሳብ ሕጂ በዚ ሚኒስተሪ ዝተገበረ ድጋፍ የለን። ብተመሳሳሊ ብሕማም ንዝሞቱ’ውን ቀሪቡ ኣብ ዝቕጽል ክልተ ወርሒ ውሽጢ ድጋፍ ክግበር ብዝብል ልሙድ መህደሚ ሓሳብ’ዮም ካብቲ ኣኼባ ሃዲሞም።

ብዛዕባ ዝጣየሳ ደ/ኣንስትዮ መማህራን ኣብ ኤርትራ ዋላ ኣብ ሚኒስትሪታት ዝሰርሕ ሰራሕተኛ ብዓይኒ ውትህድርና’ዩ ዝጥመት። ኣብ ዕድመ ክሊ ሃ/ኣገልግሎት ዘሎ ጾታ ብዘየገድስ ሃ/ኣገልግሎት ወዲኡ ደመዎዝ ዝወስድ’ውን ብፍቃዱ ሰራሕ ከቋርጽ ስራሕ ክቕይርወይ’ውን ናይ ውልቀ ትካል ክኸፍት ዘይፍቐድን “ኮብሊሉ” ዝብል ሽም ወይ ቃል ለጊብዎ ተዳላይ (Wanted) ሊስት’ዩ ዝኣቱ። ቅድሚ ዓመት ኣቢሉ ይኸውን ግን ቃል-ኪዳን ዘለወን (ምርዕዋት) ወይ’ውን ውላድ ዘለወን ደ/ኣንስተዮ ሰራሕ ከቋርጻ እንተደሊየን ክፍቐደለን ዝብል ሕጊ ወጺኡ ኣብ ኩለን ሚኒስትሪታት ይስርሓሉ ኣሎ። እንተኾነ ግን ኣብ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ሓንጻጺ ባዕሎም ኣቶ ገብረሃንስ ከይኾኑ ኣይተርፉን እተን ዓበይቲ ነቲ ሚኒስትሪ ብዙሕ ብዓይኒ ጾታ ተራእዩ’ውን ክድገፍ ዝግበኣን እንተለዋስ “ልዕሊ 14 ዙርያ ንዘለዋ ጥራይ ምስዝሓታ ይፋነዋ” ተባሂሉ። እዚ ብሓቂ ዓቢ ሓላፍነት ተዋሂቡ ሚኒስትሪ ዝኣክል ከማሓድር ቦታ ዝተውሃቦ ናይ

መባእታ ደረጃ ሞኒተራት ክፍሊ ዘይፍጽምዎ ጌጋ ክሓስብ ካልእ ምኽንያት እንተዘይሃልዩዎ ዝገርም’ዩ። መብዛሕትኤን ቅድሚ 14 ዙርያ ዝነበራ ደ/ኣነስትዮ ብዙሕ ከርተት ዝበላ ክሳብ ኣብ ሰራዊት ዝገልገላ ብዕድመ’ውን ንጓል ኣንስተይቲ ኣብ ዝከብድ ዕድመ (ልዕሊ 35 ዓመት) እየን።

እቲ ምኽንያት ዋሕዲ መማህራን ስለዘሎ እንተኾይኑ’ውን ቀዳምነት ይግበኣን ብዓይኒ ብቕዓት እንተኾይኑ’ውን ንምምህርና ኮነ ብደረጃ ትምህርቲ ዝለዓለ ተሞኩሮ ዘለወን ኣብተን ልዕሊ 14 ዙርያ’የን። ከምቲ ግቡእ ከም ካልኦት ሚኒስትሪታት ኣሓት ኤ ንተዝፈቀድ ቐዳምነት እንተኾይኑ ግን ዝተበደላ ከለዋስ ዘይርደእ መስርሕ’ዩ። እዚ’ውን ብዙሕ ተቓውሞ ኣልዒሉ ብጀካ ሓንቲ ኣብ ኣስመራ ኣብ ጽቡቕ ቦታ ካብ ዝግባኣ ንላዕሊ ኩርሲ ዝሓዘት ተጋዳሊት ጓል ኣንስተይቲ “ማዕርነት” ዝሕመረቱ ተራ ዘረባ ዘስምዓት “ከም ኣሕዋተን ኣብ ዝተመደብኦ ቦታ ክሰርሓ ኣለወን” ዝብል ተዛሪባ።

ድሕሪ’ዚ ዝቐረበ ጸብጻብ ዞባታት’ዩ ኔሩ። ብኩለን ዞባታት ዝቐረበ ጸብጻብ ግን እቲ ልሙድ ቁጽሪ ትምህርቲ ክንድዚ ሚእታዊት ወሲኩ፡ ተሳታፍነት ደ/ኣንስተዮ ብክንድዚ ወሲኹ’ዚ ምሕላፍ ብክንድዚ ወሲኩ፡ ዝተረፉን ዘቋረጹን ተምሃሮ ብኽነት ክፍለ ግዜ ብክንድዚ ሚእታዊ ነክዩ ወዘተ ዝብል’ዩ ኔሩ። ንብዙሓት ተሳተፍቲ ኢቲ ኣኼባ ኣድህቦና ዝስሓበ ግን ፍሉይን ቕኑኦኡን ክበሃል ዘለዎ ጸገማት ዘቕረበ ሓላፊ ጨንፈር ትምህርቲ ዞባ ደቡብ ኣቶ ቃልኣብ’ዩ ኔሩ። ካብተን ዝጠቀሰን ሽግራት ህድማ ተምሃሮን መማህራንን ብመገዲ ስግረ ዶብ ንኣብነት ካብ ንኡስ ዞባ ሰንዓፈ ጥራይ 335 ተምሃሮ፡ 130 መማህራን ንኢትዮጵያ ከምዝኸዱ ገሊጹ።

ኣብዚ ንሚኒስተር ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ወኪሉ መልስን ተቓውሞን ዘቕረበ ኣቶ ጴጥሮስ ነቲ ጸብጻብ ተቃዊሙ ዘስመዖ ቃል ኩነታት ኤርትራ ናብዚ እዋን ዘንጸባርቅ ኔሩ።- ኣቶ ጴጥሮስ “እዚ እዋናዊ ጸገም’ዩ ከመይ ብዓቕሊ ንሰግሮ ክበሃል ይግባእ ብዓቢኡ’ውን መማህራን ወይ ተምሃሮ ከም ፍሉያት ወሲድና ኣይነጋንን። ካብ ማእከል ከተማ መንግሰቲ ኣሚንሎም ኣብ ደረጃ ሓላፍነት ኮፍ ዘበሎም ከይተረፉ ብናይ መንግስቲ መካይን ቤ/ጽ ዓዓጽዮም ክሃድሙ ምሽ ንርእይ ኣለና” ኢሉ ነቲ ጸብጻብ ብመልክዕ ንምንሻው ነቲ ኩነታት ግን ከይተፈለጦ ብዝያዳ ገሊጽዎ።

ኣብ ኤርትራ መዋእለ ህጻናት ብክልተ ምሕደራ ዓይነት ምሕደራ’የን ዝነጥፋ ብማሕበረሰብ (ኮሚዩኒቲ) መማህራን‘ውን ብመንግሰቲ ዝመሓደራ መንግስቲ ደመዎዝ ይኸፍሎ፡ ብኮሚዩኒቲ ዝመሓደር ደመዎዝ ህዝቢ ይኸፍሎ። ኣብ መላእ ሃገር ዝርከባ ብኮሚኒቲ ዝመሓደራ መዋእለ ህጻናት ክሳብ ናይ ሓደ ዓመት ደመዎዝ ዘይተኸፈሉ መማህራን ኣለው። ነዚ ኩነታት ሓላፊ ጨንፈር ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ዞባ ደቡብ ጥራይ ኣብ ጸብጻቡ ገሊጽዎ ብደረጃ ዞባ ዝግበር ፍታሕ ስለዘየሎ’ውን ንዓመታ ክዓጽውወን ከምዝኾኑ ገሊጹ።

እዚ ሕቶ ንምምሕዳርን ፋይናንስን ስለዝምልከት ኣቶ ገብረሃንስ’ዩ ክምልሶ ፈቲኑ። ናይ ዞባ ደቡብ ጸገም ጥራይ ከምዘይኾነ ዋላ ዞባ ማእከል (ኣስመራ) ከማን ከምኡ ጸገም ከምዘሎ ንምፍትሑ ክሳብ ቤት ጽሕፈት ፕረዝደንትን ሚኒስትሪ ፋይናንስን ከምዝበጽሑ እቲ ፍታሕ’ውን ናይ ዝሓለፎም 13 ኣዋርሕ በጀት ከምዘይተፈቐደ ናይ ሓደ ዓመት ግን ተፈቂዱ ከምዘሎን ንዝመጽእ ወርሒ ከምዝኽፈሉ ገሊጹ ፍታሕ እንተተገይሩ ከማን ዘስደምም’ዩ።

ትምህርቲ ንዓበይቲ ሓደሽቲ መማህራን፡ ነባራት መማህራን ምስግጋር ደመዎዝ ብጌጋ ትሑት ደሞዝ (ካብ ዝግበኦም ንታሕቲ) ዝወስዱ መማህራን ምትዕርራይ ደሞዝ ኣዝዩ ከምዝደንጎየ ተስፋ ዝጸንቀቁ ስራሕ ይገድፉ ከምዘለውን’ውን ገሊጹ። ሕጂ’ውን ንኣቶ ገብረሃንስ ስለዝምልከት እቲ ልሙድ “ኣብ ዝሓጸረ ጊዜ ክተዓራረይ’ዩ” ዝብል ተስፋ ተዋሂቡ። ነዘን ልሙዳትን ዘይትግበር መጽብዓን ተስፋን ዝሰልቸዎም ኣባላት ምክልካል ዘውጽእዎ ጆክ (ዳእላ) ብጣዕሚ ትገልጾ’ያ።

“ሓደ ኤርትራዊ ምራኽ ገዚኦም ዘብልዕዎ ዘይብሎም ምራኽ ብሓደ ወገን ጸባ ጡብ ኣዲኡ ኣይጸገበን። ንሱ ይዝክር ብጥሜት ሕርር ኢሉ ክደሃይ ይውዕል። ዘብልዖ ዘይብሉ ዋና ከኣ ዓቕሉ ጸቢብዎ ንጉሆ ይትስእ’ሞ “ጥሜት ሞይትካ ምሽ ምራኸይ ምሽክናይ ኣጆካ ምሸት ቀጠልያ ሳዕሪ” ንጽባሕትኡ “ጸባ ላም ብሰንኬሎ” ድሕሪኡ “ሓዱሽ ናይ ግራት ቃንጫ… እንዳበለ ብተስፋ ሰለይ ከብሎ ቐንዩ ኣብ መወዳእታ ግን ሓመድ እንዳለሓሰ ዝቐነየ ምራኽ ጠጠው ምባል ከማን ስኢኑ ዋንኡ’ውን ሓረዶ። ሙሉእ ነብሱ ዓጽሚ ጥራይ ኾይኑ እታ ተስፋ ትሰምዕ ዝነበረት እዝኒ ግን ንበይና ሰቢሓ ተረኸበት”። ድሕሪ’ዚ ዝረብሕ ዝቐረበ ጸብጻብ ኣይነበረን።

 

ካብ ሽመይ ክጠቕስ ዘይደለኹ ኣባል ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ ኤርትራ/ኣስመራ

09/11/2009

ወደሓንኩ!

November 14, 2009

Constructive debate on disheartening Eritrea-report

Filed under: Report — eritrearealclearpolitics @ 11:07 am
Constructive debate on disheartening Eritrea-report
Monday, 26 October 2009
rapportlansering_web_205.jpgThe premises were filled to the brim when the Oslo Center released its report on the human rights situation in Eritrea. “The overwhelming human rights abuses, as this report documents, must be an eye-opener for the international community. It has not been enough attention from the outside world on Eritrea’s tragic situation, but the turnout today indicates that the interest is greater than expected”, Kjell Magne Bondevik, the President of the Oslo Center, said in his opening adress.

The Seminar started with Professor Kjetil Tronvoll, the author of the report “The Lasting Struggle for Freedom in Eritrea”, accounting for the main conclusions in the report. Thereafter, the other panelists Alf-Åge Hansen (the Oslo Center), Nils Jacob Harbitz (Human Rights House Foundation) and Axel Borchgrevink (NUPI) shared their views of what to do with the dreadful human rights situation in Eritrea.

Disheartening

“To understand the situation in Eritrea today, the historical and contextual relationships must be explored. The report is thus far broader in its focus than other human rights reports, said Kjetil Tronvoll.
kjetil_tronvoll_250.jpg
With a starting point in Eritrea’s own commitments towards its legal system, Tronvoll accounted for the government’s involvement in the legal system, the obliterating of the civil society, the lack of democratic processes, torture, extrajudicial sentencing as well as marginalization of minorities in Eritrea.

“Their laws have no significance as long as they are not practiced by the government. The report is disheartening on all points”, concluded Tronvoll.

A need for increased knowledge
Special Advisor Alf-Åge Hansen at the Oslo Center underlined that the report is created in an attempt to influence both the country itself and central international actors.

“We must put Eritrea on the international agenda, we must improve our own knowledge of Eritrea, and we must become more conscious of what consequences Western countries’ polialf-ge_hansen_250.jpgcies have on the Horn of Africa. We must complement the strong anti-terror-focus we have used to analyze the Horn of Africa, and create a more nuanced debate in which human rights is given more attention”, Hansen said.

“At the same time, we want an increased attention towards the region as a whole. One has to understand the close links between the countries on the Horn of Africa. A knowledge based and  regional perspective must be combined with a constructive and critical dialogue. Eritrea must come out of its isolation if the situation is to improve”, said Hansen.

Laborious efforts needed
Nils Jacob Harbitz from the Human Rights House Foundation brought up several possible alternatives to contribute to a positive change in Eritrea. Especially is the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review central. Eritrea is reviewed by the Council in November. The next opportunity will not be for another four years. 
nils_jacob_harbiz_250.jpg
“This is a new consultative mechanism which can potentially contribute. Many international actors and the entire UN-system will pay attention. This is one arena where the Oslo Center can contribute with a lot of information to the central actors”, Harbitz said.

Harbitz also emphasized the value of commitment and patience.

“We must raise these matters carefully as well as working systematically, intensively and not backing out. Backing out will only result in a lack of trust with the local human rights workers”, he said.

Alone against the world
Axel Borchgrevink from NUPI concluded the panel discussion by accounting for how Eritrea’s history affects the Western countries’ involvement in the country.

“The feeling of being alone against the world is dominant in Eritrea. The poor treatment by other states as well as the UN in the 50s, and their own liberation war has created a strong belief that they can do things by themselves and a general skepticism to external help”, said Borchgrevink.

He finished off by underlining the importance of the Diaspora.

“In the context of such a revealing report, diplomatic efforts may seem like a waste of time. But the regime will not last forever, and the regime is starting to loose control over the Diaspora”, he said.

Enthusiastic debate
The following debate showed how the Eritreans in exile had different opinions concerning the current situation in Eritrea and the where to go. At the same time, different questions and comments contributed to several relevant approaches to the problems discussed. Amongst others was cooperation with African universities highlighted as a possible way to further promote human rights.

The documentary A Nation Held Hostage, produced in collaboration with the Oslo Center, the Strømme Foundation, Gimlekollen School of Journalism and Communication and Camerapix, gave a visual and clear picture of the situation in Eritrea.

Kjell Magne Bondevik concluded the seminar by underlining the Oslo Center’s intentions with the report.

“We do not seek to work against, but with the Eritrean government. We wish all the best for Eritrea, and it is out of concern for the Eritrean people we are doing this. The country’s great potential for development is why this situation is so tragic. We want to bring Eritrea out of its isolation”, he said.

The report has been commissioned by the Oslo Center with support from the Strømme Foundation and the Norwegian Mission to the East. 

 

Click the link: http://www.oslocenter.no/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=214&Itemid=1

Next Page »

Blog at WordPress.com.